High Court of Judicature at Allahabad
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Vandana Mishra Through Grand Father/ Guardian v. Controller Of Examination Central Board Of Secondary & Anr. - WRIT - C No. 30205 of 2007  RD-AH 11662 (10 July 2007)
Court No. 33
CIVIL MISC. WRIT PETITION NO. 30205 OF 2007
Vandana Mishra - Petitioner
Controller of Examination, Central
Board of Secondary Education, New Delhi
and another - Respondents
Hon'ble Sunil Ambwani, J.
1. Heard learned counsel for petitioner and Shri H.N. Pandey, learned standing for Central Board of Secondary Education.
2. By this writ petition, the petitioner, who had appeared in Secondary School Examination-2007, conducted by the Central Board of Secondary Education, has prayed for directing the respondents to produce original answer sheets and records of Mathematics, Science and Technology subjects of Secondary School Examination-2007. According to the petitioner, he had done extremely well in these papers and expected to secure much higher marks.
3. A student appearing in the examinations conducted by a statutory examining body is entitled to scrutiny or revaluation of his marks and answer books in accordance with the rules made by the examining body. In the present case the rules made by the examining body do not give any right for revaluation of his answer books. He is only entitled to scrutiny of his marks.
4. In Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education and another v. Paritosh Bhupesh Kurmarsheth and others, AIR 1984 SC 1543, Hon'ble Supreme Court held that that it is in public interest that the results public of examinations when published should have some finality attached to them. If inspections, verifications in the presence of candidates and revaluation are to be allowed as of right, it may leave to gross and indefinite uncertainty, particularly in regard to the relative ranking etc. of the candidates, besides leading to utter confusion on account of the enormity of the labour and time involved in the process. The Court should be extremely reluctant to substitute its own views as to what is wise, prudent and proper in relation to academic matters in preference to those formulated by professional men possessing technical expertise and rich experience of actual day-to-day working of educational institutions and the departments controlling them. It would be wholly wrong for the Court to make a pedantic and purely idealistic approach to the problems of this nature, isolated from the actual realities and grass root problems involved in the working of the system and unmindful of the consequences which would emanate if a purely idealistic view as opposed to pragmatic one were to be propounded.
5. The award of marks by an Examiner is to be fair, and considering the fact that revaluation is not permissible under the Statute, the Examiner has to be careful, cautious and has a duty to ensure that the answers are properly evaluated. No element of chance or luck should be introduced. An examination is a stepping-stone on career advancement of a student. Absence of a provision for revaluation cannot be a shield for the Examiner to arbitrarily evaluate the answer script. That would be against the very concept for which revaluation is impermissible..
6. In Board of Secondary Eduation v. Pravas Ranjan Panda and another, Civil Appeal Nos. 5413-5414 of 2004 Hon'ble Supreme Court by its judgment dated 13.8.2004 held that since there is no provision for revaluation, the High Court's direction was not sustainable.
7. In President, Board of Secondary Education, Orissa and another vs. D. Suvankar and another, 2007 (1) ESC 35 (SC), the Supreme Court upheld the order of the High Court on the ground that there was difference in the two mark sheets supplied to the student. In the first mark sheet the aggregate marks indicated were 654, whereas in the second mark sheet the aggregate marks were shown to be 690. The mistake was rectified by the Board after taking a penal action against the Assistant Examiner and the Scrutinizer for his negligence. The Court, however, reiterated the position of law laid down by the Supreme Court in Maharashtra State Board of Secondary Education vs. Paritosh Bhupesh Kurmarsheth and others (supra).
8. This High Court in Kumud Singh vs. Union of India and others 2005 (1) ESC (All) 661 and Kshitij Singh vs. Joint Secretary, Central Board of Secondary Education, Allahabad and others 2001 (3) A.W.C. 2191 has taken the same view and has held that a candidate is entitled to the revaluation/scrutiny only if the rules made by the examining body permit such revaluation/scrutiny.
9. A student writing the papers in the examination may have expected to secure higher marks. Such expectation, however, cannot be a basis to summon the answer books and to re-value them unless a very good ground is made out of any gross error with a foundation of a brilliant performance in the past or sufficient pleading of malafides based on cogent material on record.
10. The writ petition is dismissed with liberty to the petitioner to pursue the remedy of 'verification of marks' under the Examination Bye Laws 61 framed by the Central Board of Secondary Education.
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