High Court of Judicature at Allahabad
Case Law Search
Kamlawati Singh v. Chatrapati Shahu Ji Maharaj University & Others - WRIT - C No. 15567 of 2007  RD-AH 12703 (24 July 2007)
Court No. 33.
Civil Misc. Writ Petition No. 15567 of 2007
Kamlawati Singh ... Petitioner
State of U.P. and others. ... Respondents
Hon. Sunil Ambwani, J.
1. Heard learned counsel for the petitioner. Sri Neeraja Tiwari appears for the respondent University.
2. By this writ petition the petitioner has prayed for summoning of answer books of "Economics of Education" the third paper of M.A. (Final) 2006 of Chhatrapati Shahu Ji Maharaja University, Kanpur in which the petitioner appeared from D.W.T. P.G. College, Kanpur.
3. A student appearing in the examinations conducted by a statutory examining body is entitled to scrutiny or revaluation of his marks and answer books in accordance with the rules made by the examining body. In the present case the rules made by the examining body do not give any right for revaluation of his answer books. He is only entitled to scrutiny of his marks.
4. In Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education and another v. Paritosh Bhupesh Kurmarsheth and others, AIR 1984 SC 1543, Hon'ble Supreme Court held that that it is in public interest that the results public of examinations when published should have some finality attached to them. If inspections, verifications in the presence of candidates and revaluation are to be allowed as of right, it may leave to gross and indefinite uncertainty, particularly in regard to the relative ranking etc. of the candidates, besides leading to utter confusion on account of the enormity of the labour and time involved in the process. The Court should be extremely reluctant to substitute its own views as to what is wise, prudent and proper in relation to academic matters in preference to those formulated by professional men possessing technical expertise and rich experience of actual day-to-day working of educational institutions and the departments controlling them. It would be wholly wrong for the Court to make a pedantic and purely idealistic approach to the problems of this nature, isolated from the
actual realities and grass root problems involved in the working of the system and unmindful of the consequences which would emanate if a purely idealistic view as opposed to pragmatic one were to be propounded.
5. The award of marks by an Examiner is to be fair, and considering the fact that revaluation is not permissible under the Statute, the Examiner has to be careful, cautious and has a duty to ensure that the answers are properly evaluated. No element of chance or luck should be introduced. An examination is a stepping-stone on career advancement of a student. Absence of a provision for revaluation cannot be a shield for the Examiner to arbitrarily evaluate the answer script. That would be against the very concept for which revaluation is impermissible..
6. In Board of Secondary Eduation v. Pravas Ranjan Panda and another, (2004) 13 SCC 383 Hon'ble Supreme Court by its judgment dated 13.8.2004 held that since there is no provision for revaluation, the High Court's direction was not sustainable. The Supreme Court held:-
"6. The High Court though observed that the writ petitioner who has taken the examination is hardly a competent person to assess his own merit and on that basis claim for re-evaluation of papers, but issued the aforesaid direction in order to eliminate the possibility of injustice on account of marginal variation in marks. It is an admitted position that the regulations of the Board of Secondary Education, Orissa do not make any provision for re-evaluation of answer books of the students. The question whether in absence of any provision to that effect an examinee is entitled to ask for re-evaluation of his answer-books has been examined by us in Pramod Kumar Srivastava vs. Chairman, Bihar Public Service Commission decided on 6.8.2004. It has been held therein that in absence of rules providing for re-evaluation of answer books, no such direction can be issued. It has been further held that in absence of clear rules on the subject, a direction for re-evaluation of the answer-books may throw many problems and in the larger public interest such a direction must be avoided. We are, therefore, of the opinion that the impugned order of the High Court directing for re-evaluation of the answer books of all the examinees securing 90% or above marks is clearly unsustainable in law and must be set aside."
7. In President, Board of Secondary Education, Orissa and another vs. D. Suvankar and another, 2007 (1) ESC 35 (SC), the Supreme Court upheld the order of the High Court on the ground that there was difference in the two mark sheets supplied to the student. In the first mark sheet the aggregate marks indicated were 654, whereas in the second mark sheet the aggregate marks were shown to be 690. The mistake was rectified by the Board after taking a penal action against the Assistant Examiner and the Scrutinizer for his negligence. The Court, however, reiterated the position of law laid down by the Supreme Court in Maharashtra State Board of Secondary Education vs. Paritosh Bhupesh Kurmarsheth and others (supra).
8. This High Court in Kumud Singh vs. Union of India and others 2005 (1) ESC (All) 661 and Kshitij Singh vs. Joint Secretary, Central Board of Secondary Education, Allahabad and others 2001 (3) A.W.C. 2191 has taken the same view and has held that a candidate is entitled to the revaluation/scrutiny only if the rules made by the examining body permit such revaluation/scrutiny.
9. Every student writing the papers in the examination expects to secure higher marks. Such expectation, however, cannot be a basis to summon the answer books and to re-value them unless a very good ground is made out of any gross error with a foundation of a brilliant performance in the past or sufficient pleading of malafides based on cogent material on record.
10. The writ petition is dismissed with observation that if the petitioner is aggrieved by the calculation or tabulation of his marks, he may apply for scrutiny in accordance with the examination rules applicable to the University.
Double Click on any word for its dictionary meaning or to get reference material on it.