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Krishna Avtar Rastogi v. Smt. Saleem Fatima And Others - WRIT - A No. 1572 of 2004  RD-AH 1602 (1 February 2007)
Court no. 7
Civil Misc. Writ Petition No. 1572 of 2004
Krishna Avtar Rastogi versus Smt. Saleem Fatma and others
Hon'ble Rakesh Tiwari,J.
Heard counsel for the parties and perused the record.
The counsel for the respondent-landlords submits that there are six rooms in the possession of the tenant-petitioner having an area of 15x9 sq.ft., 23x15, 9x10, 23x14, 18x13, and 11x13 and open land, total area 4000 sq.ft. on monthly rent of Rs. 320/-. The aforesaid accommodation is situated at Lala Ka Bazar Meerut City.
The counsel for the petitioner submits that the petitioner is in possession of three rooms and open land on which he has constructed three more rooms covered by Tin shed with the agreement and consent of the landlords. Be that as it may, the petitioner is in possession of six rooms covered by Tin shed and some open land though he may have got constructed 3 rooms at his expenses.
The counsel for the respondent-landlords submits that the rent of the disputed accommodation is too low in the present scenario. He prays that in the circumstances the rent of the disputed accommodation may be increased reasonably according to the market rate.
The counsel for the petitioner submits that the case for enhancement of rent may be considered by the Court according to the condition, location and situation etc. of the disputed accommodation. He further submits that in case the petitioner is evicted from the disputed accommodation he will suffer irreparable loss and injury.
The rent of Rs.320/- per month in respect of the aforesaid disputed accommodation in question appears to be inadequate rent for the accommodation in dispute. A pragmatic approach has to be taken considering the area location and rate of rent prevailing in the locality etc. With passage of time value of house rent has increased and as such it has to be proportionately increased in addition to notional increase of 10% in rent every 5 years as provided under Act No. XIII of 1972.
It is not the case of the tenant that no accommodation is available to him on rent per contra his case is that no accommodation is available on the rent, which he is paying at present to the landlords.
In view of the decisions rendered in Rajeshwari (Smt.) Vs. Smt. Prema Agarwal, 2005(1) ARC-526, Hari Mohan Kichlu Vs. VIIIth A.D.J. Muzaffarnagar and others, 2004 (2) ARC-652 wherein rent was increased to more than 28 times and in Khurshida Vs. A.D.J. 2004(2) ARC-64 =2004(54) ALR-177 wherein the rent was increased about fifty times, the writ Court can enhance the rent to a reasonable extent as has also been held by this Court in para 7 of 2006(63) ALR 643 Smt. Zohra Vs. IVth A.D.J. Jhansi that while granting relief to a tenant against eviction the writ Court is empowered to enhance the rent.
In S.L.P. No. 19685/06 arising out of Writ Petition No. 8972 of 2002 ( Hari Shankar Bhardwaj Vs. Dharmmendra Kumar Gupta) the Hon'ble Supreme Court has affirmed the view of this Court that the rent of the houses/building/shops may be fixed under Article 226 of the Constitution having a pragmatic approach and taking into consideration the area, location, nature of construction, current market rate of rent, locality etc. In the aforesaid case rent had been fixed by the Court under Article 226 to Rs.6500/- per month in the same manner as it is being fixed in the instant case. The order of the Hon'ble Supreme Court dated 9.12.2006 passed in the aforesaid S.L.P. No. 19685/2006 runs as under:-
" Heard learned counsel for the parties.
We do not find any ground to interfere with the impugned order.
The Special Leave Petition is, accordingly, dismissed. However, time granted by the impugned order making the deposit is extended to 7th January,2007."
The Apex Court in Atma Ram Properties (P) Ltd. (M/s) Vs. M/s Federal Motors Pvt. Ltd. 2005(2) Allahabad Rent Cases-936 has held that-
" In the case at hand, it has to be borne in mind that the tenant has been paying Rs.371.90 rent of the premises since 1944. The value of real estate and rent rates have skyrocketed since that day. The premises are situated in the prime commercial locality in the heart of Delhi, the capital city. It was pointed out to the High Court that adjoining premises belonging to the same landlord admeasuring 2000 sq.ft. have been recently let out on rent at the rate of Rs.3,50,000/- per month. The Rent Control Tribunal was right in putting the tenant on term of payment of Rs.15,000/- per month charges for use and occupation during the pendency of appeal. The Tribunal took extra care to see that the amount was retained in deposit with it until the appeal was decided so that the amount in deposit could be disbursed by the appellate Court consistently with the opinion formed by it at the end of the appeal. No fault can be found with the approach adopted by the Tribunal. The High Court has interfered with the impugned order of the Tribunal on an erroneous assumption that any direction for payment by the tenant to the landlord of any amount at any rate above the contractual rate of rent could not have been made. We cannot countenance the view taken by the High Court. We may place on record that it has not been the case of the tenant-respondent before us, nor was it in the High Court, that the amount of Rs.15, 000/- assessed by the Rent Control Tribunal was unreasonable or grossly on the higher side."
Taking a pragmatic approach, considering the facts and circumstances of the case, location as well as area of the accommodation and construction etc. the rent of the disputed accommodation, which consists of six rooms covered with tin-shed and open land, is increased from Rs. 320/- to Rs. 3500/- per month. The rent of February, 2007 as fixed by this Court shall be payable in March , 2007.
It is accordingly directed that the tenant shall pay a sum of Rs. 3500/- per month towards rent to the landlords till further orders which shall be payable to the landlords thereafter by 7th day of each succeeding month. The rent fixed by this Court shall be increased 10% every 5 years till further orders according to the provisions of the Act.
In case of default in payment of current rent as directed by this Court the landlords can get the disputed accommodation vacated with the help of police within a period of one month by giving notice in writing.
List in the month of July, 2007. The counsel for the parties shall submit compliance report on that date.
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