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BADSHAH KHAN versus SHREE NARAIN DHARAMSHALA PRIVATE TRUST AND ANOTHER

High Court of Judicature at Allahabad

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Badshah Khan v. Shree Narain Dharamshala Private Trust And Another - WRIT - A No. 6371 of 2006 [2007] RD-AH 3817 (7 March 2007)

 

This is an UNCERTIFIED copy for information/reference. For authentic copy please refer to certified copy only. In case of any mistake, please bring it to the notice of Joint Registrar(Copying).

HIGH COURT OF JUDICATURE OF ALLAHABAD

Hon'ble Rakesh Tiwari, J

Heard counsel for the parties and perused the record.

This is tenant's petition.  The case of the petitioner is that the respondents filed S.C.C suit no. 49 of 2000 in the Court of Judge Small Causes, Jhansi for eviction of the petitioner-tenant and recovery of rent amount to Rs.4,647/- on the ground that the Shree Narain Dharamshala Private Trust is a private trust and Sri Mangal Sen Chhabra is its trustee. The petitioner is tenant in the first floor of the house belonging to the trust on a monthly rent of Rs.500/-. He was in arrears of rent from 1.9.1999 to 30.4.2000 amounting to Rs.4000/- and despite notice dated 8.5.2000 served upon him on 11.5.2000, no rent was paid.  

          It is alleged that the trial Court vide ex parte judgment dated 7.8.2000 decreed the suit for eviction; recovery of Rs.4,647/- and Rs.20/- per day as damages without recording any finding as required by law.

Petitioner was posted as Constable in the Police Department and was transferred from Jhansi on 14.8.2004.  He moved application dated 1.5.2004 under Order IX Rue 13 of the Code of Civil Procedure (paper no. 3-C) which was registered as Misc. Case no. 51 of 2004.   He also filed application for condonation of delay, supported by affidavit on 20.5.2004 and deposited Rs.35,000/- through challan dated 15.5.2004 in the State Bank of India Jhansi.  

       However, restoration application of the petitioner has been rejected vide order dated 30.5.2005.

       Aggrieved, the petitioner preferred S.C.C Revision No. 119 of 2005 which has also been dismissed by the Additional District Judge/Special Judge (SC/ST Act) Jhansi vide impugned judgment dated 13.1.2006.

Aggrieved by the aforesaid judgments, the petitioner has invoked the writ jurisdiction by means of the instant writ petition.

  Counsel for the petitioner contended that Order XX Rule 4 of the Code of Civil Procedure mandates that even ex parte decree should contain the points of determination/issues and decision thereon whereas in the instant case, the trial Court has neither framed any issue nor has stipulated the points for determination and has recorded findings merely on the version of the landlord.  In support of this contention, he placed reliance on the decision of Hon'ble the Supreme court in Rameshwar Dayal V. Banda (dead) through his L.R and others- 1993 A.C.J-597.

He submitted that in the present case, the trial Court has only narrated the case of the landlord as claimed in his affidavit but has not recorded any finding on claim and decreed the suit.  He contended that summons of the suit were not served upon the tenants by process server whereas the trial Court deemed the service to be sufficient vide order dated 16.4.2001.  He urged that the petitioner was transferred to Jhansi on 14.8.2003 and notice was alleged to have been served on him on 18.8.2003.  According to him, it is settled principle of law that once the defendant appears in witness box or files affidavit and denies service of registered post, the initial presumption of service by registered post stands rebutted.  In that event, the plaintiff has to produce the Postman or the documents of Postal Department to the effect that registered post did not return and had been served upon the addressee.

He urged that the trial Court has ignored the fact that the provisions of Section 17 of the Provincial Small Causes Court Act have been complied with as the entire amount was deposited and the petitioner ought to have been afforded an opportunity to contest the suit on appropriate costs. Moreover, the plaintiff did not examine any expert to prove the signatures of the petitioner on the acknowledgement card in execution case and vakalatnama but the trial Court itself acted as expert and wrongly held that his signatures in the acknowledgement card and vakalatnama tally. He vehemently urged that the orders impugned are unsustainable in law and deserve to be quashed.

Per contra, counsel for the respondents contended that the concurrent findings of facts recorded by the Courts below need no interference in the writ jurisdiction and restoration application of the petitioner has been rightly rejected in view of settled position of law as has been held in Harendra V. Pradeep Kumar-2005 A.C.J-1510 and Mewa Ram and others Vs. State of Haryana- AIR 1987 SC-45.

After hearing counsels for the parties and perusal of record, this Court is of considered view that if a party allows limitation to expire and delay is willful, the case for condonation of delay shall be deemed to be insufficient.  I am supported in my view by he decisions of Hon'ble the Apex Court in Ajit Singh Thakur Singh V. State of Gujarat-1981(1) SCC- 184= 1981 SCC-495;  Harendra V. Pradeep Kumar-2005 A.C.J-1510; Mewa Ram and others Vs. State of Haryana- AIR 1987 SC-45 and Muncipal Corporation of Delhi V. International Security and Intelligence Agency Ltd.-2004 A.C.J-1133.

          The Court is always at liberty to verify the signatures.  If Court has any doubt about the exact signatures of a party, it can itself draw conclusion by tallying them with other signatures available on record without the aid of expert.  If Court has any doubt, only then the services of hand writing expert can be taken. The Court below has not committed any illegality in coming to the conclusion that the signatures of the petitioner in the acknowledgement card and vakalatnama tally.  

  The contention of counsel for the petitioner that Order XX Rule 4 of the Code of Civil Procedure mandates that even ex parte decree should contain the points of determination/issues and decision thereon whereas in the instant case, the trial Court has neither framed any issue nor has stipulated the points for determination and has recorded findings merely on the version of the landlord has no force for the simple reason that the trial Court has decided the case ex parte after considering the fact that the defendant did not appear despite service of summons.  The relevant finding is as under :-

" lEeu dh rkehy ds mijkar izfroknh U;k;ky; esa u rks mifLFkr vk;k vkSj u gh mlus izfrokni= izLrqr fd;k A vr% izfroknh dh vuqifLFkfr esa mlds fo#) ,d Ik{kh; lquokbz dk vkns'k ikfjr fd;k x;k a

&&&

oknh usa viusa vfHkdFkuksa ds lEiks"k.k esa 'kiFki= 35lh o nLrkosth lk{; esa lwph 36 lh ls jftLV~h jlhn e; ,-Mh- 37lh] 38lh] 39lh] 40lh uksfVl udy 7lh vkfn ,d Ik{kh; lk{; esa izLrqr fd;s gSa a oknh Onkjk okni= esa fd;s x;s vfHkdfkuksa dh lEiqf"V mlds Onkjk izLrqr fd;s x;s ,di{kh; lk{; ds #Ik esa 'kiFki= ,oa nLrkosth lk{; ls gksrh gS A izfroknh u rks U;k;ky; esa mifLFkr vk;k vkSj u gh mlusa izfrokni= izLrqr fd;k ftlls oknh ds vfHkdFkuksa dk [k.Mu fd;k tk lds a

vr% Ik=koyh ij miyC/k 'kiFki= ,oa izys[kh; lk{; ds vk/kkj ij oknh dk okn ,d Ik{kh; ls lC;; vkKfIr gksus ;ksX; gS A

The decision in Rameshwar Dayal (supra) relied upon by the counsel for the petitioner is in respect of title to immoveable property. While deciding the title of a party, it was held that the Court must frame issues and decide them.  The case on hand is not a case of determination of title but a case of ejectment.  In this case, trial Court was not required to frame issues. Moreover, Hon'ble the Apex court in Choksi Tube co. Ltd. Vs. Union of India-1997(11) SCC-179 has held that in the absence of counter affidavit, the averments made in the writ petition are to be treated as correct. Applying the same analogy, in the absence of written statement, the averments made in the plaint ought to have been accepted as correct by the court below and, in this view of the matter, there is no illegality in the orders impugned.  Admittedly, no written statement was filed by the petitioner and in the absence of written statement, the Courts below committed no illegality in proceeding ex parte and deciding the case in favour of the landlord.

For the reasons stated above, no illegality or perversity could be established. The orders impugned do not call for any interference in the writ jurisdiction.

Accordingly, the writ petition is dismissed. The respondent-tenants are directed to vacate the premises in dispute within a period of two months from today failing with they shall be evicted by coercive process in accordance with law with the aid of local Police.   No order as to costs.

Dated 7th March, 2007

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Reproduced in accordance with s52(q) of the Copyright Act 1957 (India) from judis.nic.in, indiacode.nic.in and other Indian High Court Websites

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