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Trilok Chand Sharma v. The State Of U.P. And Others - WRIT - A No. 15013 of 2007 [2007] RD-AH 4943 (20 March 2007)


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                                                                  Court No. 39

Civil Misc. Writ Petition No.15013 of 2007

Trilok Chand Sharma


State of U.P. and others.

Hon'ble V.K. Shukla,J.

Father of petitioner late Sri Purshottam Lal Sharma happened to be permanent L.T. Grade teacher in the subject of Agriculture at  Subhash Inter College, Mathura, District Mathura. He died in harness on 2.2.1985. Petitioner made application regarding his appointment on compassionate ground on 10.2.1985. Petitioner was offered appointment by Deputy Director of Education, Agra Region, Agra on the post of Lab Assistant in Physics Department on 26.12.1990. Petitioner accepted such assignment on 6.8.1991 and since then he has been performing and discharging duty as Class IV employee. Petitioner submits that he has accepted compassionate appointment conditionally and he was  entitled to be offered Class III post for which he was egible  at the time of offering appointment. Petitioner has approached this court wherein on 6.12.1993 directives were given to consider the claim of petitioner. Petitioner has contended that he represented  the matter on 27.1.1994 followed by various reminders and hearing has been done on 27.2.2006, but till date no final decision has been taken and as such writ in the nature of mandamus be issued to decide the matter and further writ in the nature of mandamus be issued commanding the respondents to appoint the petitioner on Class III post on compassionate basis for  which he was egible and qualified at the time  of offering  appointment.

Sri S.K. Mishra, learned counsel for the petitioner contended with vehemence that  petitioner's father died on 2.2.1985, petitioner had been offered appointment on 26.12.1990 and he has been functioning as Class IV employee since 6.8.1991, and he is entitled to be offered Class III post, as at that relevant time he fulfilled eligibility of Class III employee, but till date same has not been done. In this  regard he has placed reliance on judgment rendered in the case of Sudhakar Srivstava Vs. Deputy Director  E.S.C. (All) 419 and Sanjeev Kumar Dubey Vs. D.I.O.S., Etawah A.W.C.857 and  Director of  education (Secy) Vs. Pushpendra Kumar (SC) 1773.

Learned Standing Counsel on the other hand contended that object of providing compassionate appointment  stood fulfilled when petitioner was offered appointment as Class IV employee, and which he accepted and once chance of compassionate appointment stands consummated, then there is no occasion to accord second chance to petitioner for being appointed as  Class III,  by passing the right of other, who are in que  as such writ petition deserves to be dismissed.

After respective arguments have been advanced, fact of the matter is that petitioner was appointed  as  Class IV employee on 26.12.1990 and since then has been performing and discharging  his duty in the said capacity. During continuance in service petitioner has added to his qualification Bachelor's degree with B.Sc. (Ag.) in 2nd Division , and intents to be appointed as Class III post.

      Before proceeding to consider claim of petitioner, view point through Judicial pronouncements are being looked into:-

Hon'ble Apex Court in the case of State of Rajasthan V. Umrao Singh (1994) 6 SCC 560 has taken following view. Relevant para 8 and 9 is being quoted below:-

8.Admittedly the respondent's father died in harness while working as Sub -Inspector, CID (Special Branch) on 16.3.1988. The respondent filed an application on 8.4.1988 for his appointment on compassionate ground as Sub Inspector of L.D.C. According to the availability of vacancy. On a consideration of his plea, he was appointed to the post of LDC by order dated 14.12.1989. He accepted the appointment as L.D.C. Therefore, the right to be considered for the appointment on compassionate ground was consummated. No further consideration on compassionate ground would ever arise. Otherwise, it would be a case of 'endless compassion'. Eligibility to be appointed as Sub-Inspector of Police is one thing, the process of selection is yet another thing. Merely because of the so-called eligibility, the learned Single Judge of the High Court was persuaded to the view that direction be issued under proviso to Rule 5 of Rules which has no application to the facts of this case.

9.Since both the sides relied on Naresh Kumar Bali's case, we will not refer to the same. We had indicated our mind in that very ruling in paragraph 15 of the said judgment. It reads as under (SCC p. 452, para 15)

     "Though the respondent claimed that he had applied for the post of a teacher the Subordinate Service Selection Board had not chosen him for the post of teacher because he did not have the requisite qualification. In fact, the respondent did not object to his appointment as a clerk and his claim for consideration for the post of teacher was one year after his appointment. Thus, the appointment on compassionate ground as per the scheme had been completed".

Therefore, once the right has consummated as we indicated earlier, any further or second consideration for a higher post on the ground of compassion would not arise.

Division Bench of this court in the case of  Pankaj Swami Vs. Vice Chancellor  2003(3) ESC 1268 has taken following view. Relevant para 2,3,4, and 5 are being quoted below:-

2."Facts and circumstances giving rise to this case are that petitioner's father, who was in service of the respondents died in harness on 223.4.1997. Petitioner made an application for appointment on compassionate ground . He was appointed as a Lab Assistant in the Chemistry Department of Meerut College, Meerut. Subsequently petitioner joined the said post and  now, the present writ petition has been filed by the petitioner praying that respondents should be directed to make his appointment suitable  to his qualification.

3.We have heard the learned counsel for the parties and perused the record of the case.

4An identical case was considered by the Hon'ble Apex Court in State of Haryana V. Naresh Kumar Bali, (1994) 4 SCC 448 and it was held that once the applicant accepts the appointment on compassionate ground he cannot make a further claim  for appointment on any other post on any ground whatsoever. It may be for the reason that it cannot be a case of compassion for all time to come. In State of Rajasthan V. Umrao Singh (1994) 6 SCC 560 the Hon'ble Supreme Court while rejecting a similar claim held as under:-

  "He accepted the appointment as L.D.C. Therefore, the right to be considered for the appointment on compassionate ground was consummated. No further consideration on compassionate ground would ever arise. Otherwise, it would be a case of  endless compassion. Eligibility to Police is one thing, the process of selection is yet another thing.  Therefore, once the right has consummated as we have indicated earlier, any further or second consideration for a higher post on the ground of compassionate would not arise.

5.    As the case stand squarely covered by the aforesaid judgment of the Hon'ble Apex Court, therefore, no relief can be granted to the petitioner.

Petition is accordingly dismissed.


In view of pronouncement of Hon'ble Apex Court, once appointment has been offered as Class IV employee and same has been accepted, then  opportunity to get compassionate appointment stand consumed and petitioners cannot claim that they  be absorbed/ offered appointment as matter of right against other post of Assistant Teacher  L.T. grade, commensurate to his qualification.

At this juncture, the object of providing compassionate appointment is being looked, which has been exhaustively dealt with by Hon'ble Apex Court in the case of State of J & K Vs. Sajjad Ahmad Mir 2006 AIR SCW 3706, where Hon'ble Apex Court has taken the view that compassionate appointment cannot be claimed as matter of right, at the  cost of others. Relevant extract of aforementioned judgment (paragraphs 10, 11, 12, 13,14,and 15) dated 17.07.2006 is being quoted below:

"10. Having heard the learned counsel for the parties, in our opinion, the appeal should be allowed. Certain facts are not in dispute. The father of the applicant who was in service, died-in-harness in March, 1987 and for the first time, the application was made by the applicant after more than four years i. e. in September, 1991. The family thus survived for more than four years after the death of the applicant's father. Event at that time, the applicant, under the relevant guidelines, could not have been appointed and hence relaxation was prayed. It is no doubt true that the case of the applicant was favourably considered by the Departments and recommendation was made, but it is also la fact which has come on record that in March, 1996, a decision was taken by the authorities not to give appointment to the applicant on compassionate ground. From the affidavit-in-reply filed by the authorities in the  High Court as also from the finding of the learned single Judge, it is clear that the applicant had knowledge about rejection of his application in 1996 itself. Nothing was done by the applicant against the said decision. Considerable period elapsed and only in 1999, when there was some inter-Departmental communication and Administrative Officer informed the Chief Engineer vide a letter dated 8th June, 1999 that the applicant could not be appointed on compassionate ground that the applicant  woke up and filed a writ petition in the High Court. It is also pertinent to note that the letter of19099 itself recites that the case of the applicant for compassionate appointment was considered and the prayer had already been turned down by the Administrative Department and the said fact had been communicated to the office of the Chief Engineer. A copy  of the said letter was also annexed to the letter of 1999. In our opinion, there ore, the learned single Judge was right in dismissing the petition on the ground of delay and latches  by holding that the applicant had not done anything for a considerable period after March, 1996 when his claim was rejected even though he was informed about the decision and was very much aware of it. The Division Bench, in our view, was not justified in setting aside the said order and in directing the authorities to consider the case of the applicant for compassionate appointment and by giving directions to give other benefits.

11. We may also observe that when the Division Bench of the High Court was  considering the case of the applicant holding that he had sought' compassion', the Bench ought to have considered the large issue as well  and it is that such an appointment is an exception to the general rule. Normally, an employment in Government or other public sectors should be open to all eligible candidates who can come forward to apply and compete  with each other. It is in consonance  with Article 14 of the Constitution. On the basis of competitive merits, an appointment should be made to public office. This general rule should not be departed except where compelling circumstances demand, such as, death of sole bread earner and likelihood of the family suffering because of the setback. Once it is proved that in spite of death of bread earner, the family survived and substantial period is over, there is no necessity to say  'goodbye'  to normal rule of appointment and to show favour to one at the cost of interests of several others ignoring the mandate of Article 14 of the Constitution.

12.  In State  of Haryana and Ors. Vs. Rani Devi and Anr (1996) 5 SCC 308 : AIR 1996 SC 2445), it was held that the claim of applicant for appointment on compassionate ground is based on the premise that he was Dependant  on the deceased employee. Strictly this claim cannot be upheld on the touchstone of Article 14 and 16 of the Constitution. However, such claim is considered reasonable as also allowable on the basis of sudden crisis  occurring in the family of the employee who had served the State and died while in service. That is why it is necessary  for the authorities to frame Rules, Regulations or to issue such administrative instructions which can stand the test of Articles 14 and16 . Appointment on compassionate ground cannot be claimed as a matter or right.

13.    In Life Insurance Corporation of India V. Asha Ramchandra Ambekar (Mrs.) & Anr. (1994)2 SCC 718, it was indicated that High Courts and Administrative Tribunals cannot confer benediction impelled by sympathetic considerations to make appointments on compassionate grounds when the regulations framed in respect thereof do not cover and contemplate such appointments.

14.     In Umesh Kumar Nagpal V. State of Haryana  & ors. (1994) 4 SCC 138, it was ruled that public service appointment should be made strictly on the basis of open invitation of applications and on merits. The appointment on compassionate ground cannot be a source of recruitment. It is merely an exception to the requirement of law keeping in view the fact of the death of employee while in service leaving his family without any means of livelihood. In such cases, the object is to enable the family to get over sudden financial crisis. Such appointments on compassionate ground, therefore, have to be made in accordance with Rules,Regulations or administrative instructions taking into consideration the financial condition of the family of the deceased. This favorable treatment to the Dependant of the deceased employee must have clear nexus with the object sought to be achieved  thereby, i.e. relief against destitution. At the same time, however,  it should not be forgotten that as against the destitute family of the deceased, there are millions and millions of other families which are equally, if not more, destitute. The exception to the rule made in favour of the family of the deceased employee is in consideration of the services rendered by him and the legitimate expectation, and the change in the status and affairs of the family engendered by the  erstwhile employment, which are suddenly upturned.

In Smt. Sushma Gosain & Ors. V. Union of India & Ors. (1989) 4 SCC 468, it was observed that in claims of appointment on compassionate grounds, there should be no delay in appointment. The purpose of providing appointment on compassionate ground is to mitigate the hardship due to death of the bread earner in the family. Such appointments should, therefore, be provided immediately to redeem the family in distress."

                Thus inevitable conclusion is that purpose of providing compassionate appointment is to mitigate hardship due to death of bread earner in family, and once said object stands fulfilled by showing compassion and offering appointment, then any further compassion is clearly at the cost of others, who are in the que of job seekers, who can come forward to apply and compete  with each other, when normal rule of appointment would be followed. Further compassion is clearly dehors the mandate of Article 14 and 16 and is not at all permissible under the constitutional scheme, which guarantees of equality in the matter of employment.

Judgments  cited by petitioner will not at all come to the rescue of petitioner for the simple reason that object to provide compassionate appointment  is to save the family from the immediate crisis . Here death has  taken place in the year 1985. Compassionate appointment has been given in 1990 and accepted by petitioner in the year 1991. After 23 years of the death and 16 years of service by petitioner as Class IV employee when statutory rules  is covering the field of appointment of Class III employees by way of direct recruitment/ promotion, then procedure cannot be permitted to be bye passed.

Consequently, present writ petition  has no force and same is dismissed

Dt. 20.03.2007




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