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Kripal Singh v. Daulat Ram And Another - WRIT - A No. 49703 of 2004  RD-AH 794 (12 January 2007)
Court no. 7
Civil Misc. Writ Petition No. 49703 of 2004
Kripal Singh versus Daulat Ram and another
Hon'ble Rakesh Tiwari,J.
Heard counsel for the parties and perused the record.
The petitioner is tenant of the shop in dispute situated in V.P. Colony, Civil Lines, Rampur on rent of Rs. 600/- per month.
The counsel for the petitioner submits that the case for enhancement of rent may be considered according to the condition of the disputed shop. He further submits that in case the petitioner is evicted from the disputed shop he will suffer irreparable loss and injury.
The counsel for the respondent-landlords submits that the rent of the disputed shop is too low in the present scenario. He prays that in the circumstances the rent of the disputed shop may be increased reasonably according to the market rate.
The rent of Rs.600/-per month in respect of the aforesaid disputed shop in question appears to be inadequate rent for the accommodation in dispute.
A pragmatic approach has to be taken considering the area location and rate of rent prevailing in the locality etc. With passage of time value of house rent has increased and as such it has to be proportionately increased in addition to notional increase of 10% in rent every 5 years as provided under Act No. XIII of 1972.
It is not the case of the tenant that no shop is available to him on rent per contra his case is that no accommodation is available on the rent, which he is paying at present to the landlord.
In view of the decisions rendered in Rajeshwari (Smt.) Vs. Smt. Prema Agarwal, 2005(1) ARC-526, Hari Mohan Kichlu Vs. VIIIth A.D.J. Muzaffarnagar and others, 2004 (2) ARC-652 wherein rent was increased to more than 28 times and in Khurshida Vs. A.D.J. 2004(2) ARC-64 =2004(54) ALR-177 wherein the rent was increased about fifty times, the writ Court can enhance the rent to a reasonable extent as has also been held by this Court in para 7 of 2006(63) ALR 643 Smt. Zohra Vs. IVth A.D.J. Jhansi that while granting relief to a tenant against eviction the writ Court is empowered to enhance the rent.
In S.L.P. No. 19685/06 arising out of Writ Petition No. 8972 of 2002 ( Hari Shankar Bhardwaj Vs. Dharmmendra Kumar Gupta) the Hon'ble Surpeme Court has affirmed the view of this Court that the rent of the houses/building/shops may be fixed under Article 226 of the Constitution having a pragmatic approach and taking into consideration the area, location, nature of construction, current market rate of rent, locality etc. In the aforesaid case rent had been fixed by the Court under Article 226 to Rs.6500/- per month in the same manner as it is being fixed in the instant case. The order of the Hon'ble Supreme Court dated 9.12.2006 passed in the aforesaid S.L.P. No. 19685/2006 runs as under:-
" Heard learned counsel for the parties.
We do not find any ground to interfere with the impugned order.
The Special Leave Petition is, accordingly, dismissed. However, time granted by the impugned order making the deposit is extended to 7th January,2007."
Taking a pragmatic approach, considering the facts and circumstances of the case, location as well as area of the accommodation and construction etc. the rent of the disputed shop is increased from Rs.600/- to Rs. 1500/- per month apart from house and water taxes etc. The rent of January, 2007 as fixed by this Court shall be payable by 7th February, 2007.
It is accordingly directed that the tenant shall pay a sum of Rs. 1500/- per month towards rent to the landlord till further orders which shall be payable to the landlord thereafter by 7th day of each succeeding month. The rent fixed by this Court shall be increased 10% every 5 years till further orders according to the provisions of the Act.
In case of default in payment of current rent as directed by this Court the landlord can get the disputed shop vacated with the help of police within a period of one month by giving notice in writing.
List in July, 2007 for further hearing. The counsel for the parties shall submit compliance report on that date.
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