**BRIJRANI**

*versus*STATE OF M.PSupreme Court Cases

Supreme Court Cases

of 4 of 4 Transfer Petition (crl.) .6.2 They of 4 e xamination of 4 d oing of 4 D egree/Diploma of 4 c riteria, of 4 d epartment.

of 4 of 4 Transfer Petition (crl.) .6.3 Selection of 4 i ndividual of 4 f irst, of 4 s uch of 4 t he of 4 of 4 Transfer Petition (crl.) .6.4 Further of 4 s ervice of 4 c onsideration of 4 n omination.

of 4 of 4 Transfer Petition (crl.) .6.5 The of 4 f or of 4 2002 ) of 4 b ut of 4 r eason.

of 4 of 4 xxx xxx xxx of 4 of 4 The of 4 G overnment of 4 M edical of 4 2002 (hereinafter of 4 2002 ', of 4 E xtraordinary of 28th e xtracted of 4 " MADHYA of 4 G RADUATE of 2002 of 2002 No. of 2-1- e ndorsement of 5-7- Motion Case (civil) th of 2002 E ducation, of 4 i ssued of 4 G raduate of 2002 e ntrance of 4 D egree/Diploma of 4 C olleges of 4 of 4 These of 20% s eats of 4 i n-service of 4 P radesh. of 4 n omination of 4 i n of 4 s election of 4 d epartment.

of 4 of 4 Therefore, of 4 f ormulate of 4 t erms of 4 s erving of 4 D egree/Diploma of 4 D ental of 4 of 4 Accordingly, of 4 e ndorsement of 2-1- Writ Petition (civil) -2002, of 4 F amily of 4 M antralaya, of 4 r ules of 4 D egree/Diploma of 4 C olleges of 4 of 4 Title.___ of 4 " Madhya of 4 ( In-service) of 2002 w ill of 4 n otification of 4 w ill of 4 d epartments of 4 of 4 Xxx xxx xxx xxx of 4 of 4 Selection of 1. O c andidates of 5 ye u nder of 4 a re of 4 f or of 4 of 4 Women of 4 t hree of 4 e ligible of 4 f ive of 4 of 4 Relaxation of 4 l ess of 4 s ubject of 4 s election of 4 G ynaecology of 4 of 4 Special Leave Petition (crl.) . For of 4 w ho of 4 w ill of 4 of 4 a . 30% of 4 i ntegrated of 4 a nd of 4 of 4 b . 30% of 4 l ength of 4 of 4 * of 2 ma m onths of 6 of 6 Special Leave Petition (civil) additional of 4 f alls of 4 of 4 * of 4 f ive of 4 p lan of 30 m u nder of 4 y ears of 4 p lan of 4 o f of 20 m of 4 c. of 40% o f of 4 M adhya of 4 B oard.

of 4 of 4 * of 4 e xamination of 4 s election of 4 of 4 Writ Petition (civil) . The of 4 c andidates of 45 y ears.

of 45 of 45 xxx xxx xxx xxx of 45 of 45 Terms of 1. E w ho of 4 e xamination of 4 P radesh of 4 of 4 Special Leave Petition (crl.) . of 4 b ond of 4 Appeal (civil) years of 4 C ourse.

of 4 of 4 * of 4 R s.3.00 of 4 of 4 ( emphasis of 4 of 4 It of 4 ' rules', of 4 g uidelines of 4 G overnment. of 2002 m ake of 4 G overnment, of 20% m edical of 4 G overnment. of 4 e xamination. of 4 r ules of 4 s it of 4 e xcept of 4 a ccordance of 4 d own of 4 a s of 4 a vailable of 2002 l ay of 4 o f of 4 q ualifications of 4 t he of 4 e xamination of 4 p rovisions of 4 a lso of 4 M edical of 2002 e xempt of 4 a nd of 4 q uota of 4 s ubject of 4 o f of 4 f ramed of 4 Special Leave Petition (crl.) under of 4 40 % of 4 c onducted of 4 t o of 4 i nconsistency of 4 i s of 4 p resent of 4 h ereinafter. of 4 of 4 For of 4 t he of 4 ' in-service of 4 E xamination, of 4 G overnment, of 4 e xamination of 4 E xamination of 4 B oard of 24.3 e xamination of 2002 E ntrance of 4 e ntrance of 16.6 t wo of 4 c andidates, of 4 b efore of 4 C ourt of 4 o f of 2002 s ervice) of 2002 w rit of 4 s cheduled of 4 Special Petition th of 2003 o f of 4 t he of 2002 f indings of 2002 " (a) There of 4 e mployees of 4 a nd of 4 i n of 2002 c onstitutional of 4 of 4 ( b) There of 4 e xamination of 4 m edical of 4 c omparative of 4 of 4 ( c) of 4 s eparate of 4 s ervices of 4 t enet of 4 R egulations of 4 I ndia of 4 of 4 ( d) Conferral of 4 s ome of 4 t he of 4 a reas of 14 o a s of 4 R egulation of 4 I ndia of 4 s truck of 4 of 4 ( e) The of 4 w omen of 4 h ave of 4 a nd of 4 r endered of 4 d iscriminatory.

of 4 of 4 ( f) The of 4 p etitioners of 4 r eservation of 4 w ho of 4 a mongst of 4 c andidates' of 4 h ence, of 4 of 4 ( g) The of 4 h as of 4 s tamp of 4 h eld of 2002 a re of 2002 of 2002 In of 4 o f of 20% t hat of 4 s ubjected of 4 c omparative of 4 s tudy, of 4 c andidates of 4 u nsustainable, of 4 M edical of 4 P riti of 4 c andidates, of 4 w as of 14 o p etitioners of 4 P hysicians of 4 h ealth of 4 e xclusively of 4 n ot of 4 H igh of 4 of 4 While of 4 C ourt of 4 c ommencing of 4 2003 -2004. of 18th p romulgated of 4 E ntrance of 2003 E ntrance of 2003 P radesh of 18.2 r ules of 4 b y of 10 o A dhiniyam, of 1973 t he of 10 o c onfers of 4 A ct of 4 i n of 4 m edical of 4 w e of 4 s tatutory, of 4 g uidelines of 4 f act of 4 s uperseded of 4 2002 , of 2003 s pecifically of 4 n ot of 4 P .G. of 2003 h ereunder:- of 2003 " MADHYA of 4 G RADUATION of 4 2003 of 4 of 4 No. of 5-62 p owers of 10 o C hikitsa of 4 1973 (Madhya of 19 o S tate of 4 r ules of 4 t he of 4 P ost of 4 i n of 4 M adhya of 4 of 4 Special Leave Petition (civil) .0 Title. of 4 " Madhya of 4 P .G. of 4 2003 ". of 4 f rom of 4 o f of 4 of 4 xxx xxx xxx of 4 of 4 Transfer Petition (crl.) .0 RESERVATION. of 20% r eserved of 4 s cheduled of 16% r eserved of 4 s cheduled of 14% r eserved of 4 o ther of 4 P radesh.

of 4 of 4 Transfer Petition (crl.) .1 Reservation of 4 s hall of 30% m erit of 4 of 4 Transfer Petition (crl.) .2 The of 4 e ligibility of 4 g raduate of 4 40 % of 4 50 % of 4 c andidates.

of 4 of 4 xxx xxx xxx of 4 of 4 Transfer Petition (crl.) .5 In of 4 Special Petition % of 4 S urgeons of 4 G overnment of 4 s ervice of 3 & w hich of 4 f ramed of 4 F amily of 4 G overnment of 4 of 4 The of 4 s elect of 4 y ear of 2003 B oard of 4 B ook' of 4.2.

d ate of 20.2 o pen of 4 a nd of 4 c oncerned, of 108 a pplication of 4 c andidates of 9.3.

w ho of 101 h ave of 4 t hird of 4 p ostponed of 4 a ppeals of 36 i c learing of 2003 i n of 4 of 4 Co-incidentally, of 20th l ast of 4 B oard, of 4 p etitions of 2002 s tated of 4 a re of 4 a llowed of 4 t he of 2002 y ear of 2002 s et of 4 c annot of 89 i n umber of 4 b urden of 4 t he of 4 2002 admissions. of 4 S tate of 4 s ubmitted of 4 p ressing of 2002 h ave of 4 s uch of 4 h ereafter.

of 4 of 4 A of 4 M adhya of 4 t o of 4 a reas of 4 s erving of 4 c entered of 4 a criterion of 9(2) R egulations. of 4 p erformance of 4 i n of 2003 G overnment of 4 t est of 30% w ere of 4 t he of 4 u niversity of 4 u nder of 30% c alculating of 4 A dmission of 2002 n ot of 4 R egulation of 9(2) d etermining of 4 R egulation of 9(2) t here of 4 S tate of 4 e xaminations of 4 of 4 O n of 15.5 t he of 20.2 w rit of 4 b y of 4 " (1) In of 4 f ive of 9(2) a pplicable.

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of 20%.

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of 14 o of 14 o of 14 o C onclusions of 14 o of 14 o We of 14 o Special Leave Petition (civil) . In of 20% g raduation of 4 c andidates of 4 c hannel of 4 c annot of 4 t o of 4 s ources of 4 of 4 Special Leave Petition (crl.) . There of 4 e ligibility of 4 n ot of 4 c annot of 4 I ndia of 4 of 4 Writ Petition (civil) . In of 4 t here of 9(2) c annot of 4 s ingly of 4 e ligibility of 4 of 4 Writ Petition (crl.) . It of 4 r endered of 4 p urpose of 4 s ervice of 4 s ecuring of 4 M edical of 4 of 4 Appeal (civil) . Women of 4 p rovision of 4 c ontinuous of 4 s ponsorship of 4 w hich of 4 s uffer of 4 of 4 I ncidental of 4 In of 2002 d epartment, of 4 o f of 4 t hey of 4 r esults of 4 c onsequent of 4 b y of 4 t hat of 4 i n of 2002 m ay of 4 d eserve of 4 w ould of 4 s ubmission of 4 of 4 In of 2003 s ervice of 36 h e ntrance of 4 s ecured of 4 R egulations. of 53 s r emain of 4 c ould of 4 a ccount of 4 o f of 4 i nterim of 4 p etitions. of 4 n ot of 4 T hose of 108 P re-PG of 2003 d irected of 36 s c andidates of 4 d irections of 4 c andidates of 2003 of 2003 I n of 4 t ake of 2002 a s of 4 t est of 2003 p articipating of 4 a rranged of 4 o ne of 4 t his of 4 of 4 T hough of 20% b e of 4 n umber of 4 t he of 4 n umber of 4 o pen of 4 of 4 T he of 4 s tated of 4 b e of 4 A uthority of 4 P G of 4 o f of 4 t hey of 4 t he of 4 t he of 4 t ake of 4 a period of 4 of 4 R esult of 4 The of 4 f ollowing of 4 of 4 (1 ) The of 4 o f of 4 d octors of 4 t heir of 4 t o of 4 c andidates of 4 a nnulled, of 4 of 4 (2 ) The of 4 e ntrance of 4 c onsistent of 4 a s of 4 E ducation of 4 d epartment of 4 t o of 4 s eparate of 4 c onfusion of 4 of 4 (3 ) The of 36 s c andidates of 2003 s crutinized of 4 e xamination of 4 c andidates of 4 a period of 4 p articipated of 4 2002 and of 4 u pon of 4 o pportunity of 4 l imit, of 4 t aking of 2003 p articipate. of 4 p assed of 4 f or of 4 a lready of 36, s ponsorship of 36, of 36, (4 ) of 4 b e of 36 c h ave of 4 t he of 4 s uccessful of 4 t he of 4 c onsolidated of 4 b e of 4 w ith of 4 t o of 4 of 4 (5 ) of 4 c onsolidated of 4 p repared of 4 a ny of 36 i a nd of 4 of 4 (6 ) If of 4 q ualify of 4 v acant of 4 c ategory of 4 of 4 N o of 4 of 4 of 4 of 4 of 4 + of 4 Appeal (crl.) 14 of 1996

DORAISWAMY RAJU & H.K. SEMA.

Sema, J.

Five accused – Chuttia, Gulab, Vrindavan, Brijrani and Jagat Singh – were tried in Sessions Trial No. 72/85 by the IIIrd Additional Sessions Judge, Damoh and convicted and sentenced to undergo RI for life for offences punishable under Sections 302/149 IPC. Further accused Nos. 1-4 were convicted under Section 148 IPC and sentenced to undergo RI for one year. Accused No. 5 was convicted under Section 147 IPC and sentenced to undergo RI for one year. Accused Nos. 1-4 were also convicted under Section 324 IPC and sentenced to undergo RI for one year. Accused Nos. 2, 3 and 5 were also convicted under Sections 324/149 IPC and sentenced to undergo RI for one year. All the sentences were ordered to run concurrently. On appeal, the High Court, by the impugned judgment, acquitted accused Nos. 1, 2 and 5 of all the charges levelled against them and convicted accused No. 3 - Vrindavan and accused No. 4 – Brijrani for offences punishable under Sections 302/148 and 324 IPC and sentenced them to undergo RI for life and RI for one year respectively. The sentences were ordered to run concurrently. Accused – Vrindavan chooses not to prefer an appeal against his conviction. Accused – Brijrani, who is the appellant before us, is the mother of accused – Vrindavan.

Briefly stated, the facts are as follows:

On 17.5.1985 when the deceased Rajaram was proceeding towards the village (Hintoli-Bari) with a bucket to fetch milk, he stopped on the way and had some talk with accused Chuttia. Then all of a sudden, he was assaulted with Pabbal (Sabbal) from behind by accused Vrindavan, son of accused Chuttia; and accused Brijrani, wife of Chuttia and mother of Vrindavan.

Deceased Rajaram tried to run away but the accused chased him. Accused Vrindavan and accused Brijrani dealt farsa blows while other accused dealt blows on him with their lathis. On being alarmed by the cries of Rajaram, PW-4 – Siyarani, who is the wife of deceased Rajaram, rushed to the spot to rescue her husband but she also sustained a farsa blow on her head dealt by the accused Vrindavan and sustained another farsa blow on her hand dealt by accused Brijrani as a result of which she fell down. FIR (Ex. P1) was lodged promptly at 9 AM on the same day in which all the particulars have been mentioned. PW-17 – V.K. Jain (I.O.) immediately reached the spot and started investigating the case. After holding the inquest report (Ex.

P21), he seized the bucket and pair of shoes belonged to the deceased (Ex.

P11). He also seized samples of plain and blood stained earth and two pieces of bone (Ex. P12). A blood stained farsa was seized from Brijrani vide Ex. P16 on 17.5.1985. On 18.5.1985, a tabbal was seized from accused Vrindavan. We are not mentioning the full particulars of the seized articles from the possession of other accused as they are not before us, as noticed above.

PW-12, Dr. V.P. Brijpuriya conducted postmortem examination on the body of the deceased Raja Ram on 17.5.1985 and found following eleven incised wounds of various dimensions.

"1. Cut wound – 13" x 3" x 2" on the left side of the back starting from the tenth rib and going downwards. Sides of the wound were clear and cut was vertical the upper. The upper angle was acute and the lower angle was wider.

2. Cut wound in square shape – 11" x 7" x 5" on the back (towards the chest) on the left side. The upper part of the wound was extended upto skeptula and the lower part upto the 10th rib. It was 2" away from the middle line and was pointing towards the inner side. On the outer side, it was upto the shoulder. The sides of the wound was sharp and vertical.

Skeptula bone was cut into two parts. Lungs was protruding and visible under the wound. Lungs had two cuts – one 4" x 1½ and another was of 3" x 1". Chest was full of blood.

3. Cut wound: - 7" x 2" x 6" was on the right thigh – in the middle portion. This was circular. In this wound all the muscles of the thigh were cut and femur bone was cut into two pieces.

4. Cut wound 3" x ¼" x ¾", vertical wound on the left side of chest.

5. Cut wound 2" x ½" x ¾" – horizontal wound on the right side of the chest.

6. Horizontal wound on the upper part of the left shoulder 7" x 3" x 3". Muscles were cut due to this injury and cumeron bone were cut into two pieces. 3" skin was uncut in the front and towards the inner side of the wound.

7. Cut wound – 2" x 1½" x 1" – on the front portion of the chest on the right side, vertical, on the 4th and 5th rib.

8. Cut wound 3" x ½" x ¼" on the right cheek.

9. Cut wound – 3" x 1" x 1" on the right side of the head on the frontal region – on the back of the hair line – curved. Frontal bone was fractured.

10. Cut wound – 1½" x ¾" x 1" – Temporal bone was fractured on the frontal region on the right side of the head.

11. One cut wound – 1½" x ¾" x 2" – vertical on the cervical area of the chest on the left side. In this wound cervical bone was cut into two pieces." PW-12 found that the deceased – Rajaram was virtually cut into two and died on the spot as a result of excessive hemorrhage. The High Court, on re-appreciation of evidence, convicted Brijrani and her son Vrindavan, as noticed above.

It is not disputed that the deceased and the accused are closely related.

PW-4 – Siyarani is the wife of deceased Rajaram. Accused Vrindavan is the nephew of PW-4 – Siyarani. Accused Brijrani is the elder sister-in-law (Jethani) of PW-4. Accused Gulab is the nephew of PW-4. Accused Chuttia is the brother-in-law of PW-4 and father of the accused Vrindavan. Accused Brijrani is the mother of accused Vrindavan.

The High Court, while convicting the appellant, relied upon the testimony of PW-1 – Ghasiram and PW-4 – Siyarani – wife of the deceased.

PW-1 – Ghasiram is an independent witness. He specifically stated in earlier part of the statement that the incident was witnessed by him and both accused Nos. 3 and 4 were armed with Pabbal and Farsa. This witness, however, stated that he could not see later part of the assault near the house of Dhanua as his view was obstructed by a house in between but he over- heard Rajaram shouting for help. He has also stated that being alarmed by the cry of her husband, Siyarani had rushed to his rescue. PW-4 – Siyarani has also stated that being alarmed by the cries of her husband, she went to the house of Dhanua to rescue her husband. She saw her husband being assaulted. She also suffered a farsa blow on her head dealt by accused Vrindavan and another blow of farsa on her hand dealt by appellant – Brijrani.

Mr. Manish Mohan, learned counsel for the appellant strongly urged that the presence of the appellant – Brijrani at the place of incidence has not been established. This contention, in our view, is negatived by the testimony of PWs. 1 and 4, apart from documentary and medical evidence. As already noticed, accused and PW-4 were closely related. Blood stained farsa was seized from the appellant – Brijrani (Ex. P16) on the date of the incident, i.e.

17.5.1985 itself. PW-1 Ghasiram categorically stated that on the fateful morning when he was going to the farm for daily morning routine, he saw deceased Rajaram going from his house towards the village with a bucket for taking milk. He also saw Rajaram stopped to talk to Chuttia. At that time, accused Vrindavan hit Rajaram with Pabbal from behind which hit Rajaram at his back. He also saw, amongst others, Gulab's mother, which witness was lateron identified as Brijrani, assaulting Rajaram with farsa.

PW-4 – Siyarani is the wife of deceased Rajaram. She stated that around 7 AM when she was inside the house, she heard the sound of her husband "come……save me" from the front side of the house of Vrindavan.

She rushed to Dhanua's house where she saw her husband was being assaulted. Accused Vrindavan came and gave a farsa blow on her head.

Appellant – Brijrani gave a farsa blow on her arm and she fell down unconsciously. When she regained consciousness she saw her husband was cut into two pieces. She recognized the pabbal and farsa with which she was hit. She could identify Pabbal (Art. A) with which she was hit by accused Vrindavan and farsa (Art. B) with which she was hit by appellant – Brijrani.

PWs. 1 and 4 were subjected to cross-examination but nothing could be elicited to impeach the credit worthiness of their testimony.

PW. 12, Dr. H.P. Brijpuria, as already noticed, conducted post mortem on the deceased and found eleven incised wounds of different dimensions and sizes. The doctor opined that the sizes of all cut wounds were clear and sharp. The doctor in paragraph 7 of his examination-in-chief, stated as under:

"All the injuries of the deceased were ante-mortem. Wound No. 1, 2, 3 and 6 were expected from sharp, heavy and long edged weapon. Wound No. 4, 5, 7, 8, 9 and 10 were expected from a sharp cutting and heavy weapon which is different from the earlier one. The inner injury of the wound No. 2 was expected from multiple hit at the same spot. Injury No. 2 was serious which was sufficient to cause death in normal circumstances." The doctor further opined in paragraph 20 of examination-in-chief as under:

"The injuries suffered by the deceased is possible by the weapons item (A) pharsa and Katarna item (B) produced in the Court." As already noticed, Art. (A) was seized from Vrindavan and Art. (B) was seized from the appellant Brijrani. The doctor further opined that all the injuries could not be possible by the same weapon because all of them were of different depth and sizes. The doctor in paragraph 23 of cross- examination stated as under:

"It is correct that the internal injuries suffer by the body depend upon the fact that how the sharp edge of the weapon hits the body. All the injuries could not be possible by the same weapon because all of them were of different depth and size.

On the basis of the depth and length of the wounds I am telling that they could have been caused by two different weapons. If only a small portion of a long edged weapon had hit the body, then the size of the wound will be smaller." PW-4, Siyarani, as already noticed, suffered two injuries – one on the hand by blow of Pabbal dealt by Vrindavan and the other on the left hand dealt by a farsa blow by appellant Brijrani. PW-18 – Dr. K.P. Tripathi examined PW.4 on 17.5.1985 and found the following injuries on her body:

1. "Incised wound : 4" x ½" deep upto the bones, on the front side of the head.

2. Incised wound: 3" x 2" x ½" on the frontal part of left hand".

The medical evidence corroborates the ocular testimony of PW.4 in material particulars.

In the premises aforesaid, we have no reason to take a view different from the view taken by the two courts concurrently. This appeal, accordingly, stands dismissed.

The appellant is on bail. She shall be taken in custody forthwith. Her bail bonds stand cancelled.

Reproduced in accordance with s52(q) of the Copyright Act 1957 (India) from judis.nic.in, indiacode.nic.in and other Indian High Court Websites

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