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LAND ACQUISITION (MINES) ACT 1885

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LAND ACQUISITION (MINES) ACT 1885

THE LAND ACQUISITION (MINES) ACT, 1885

ACT NO. 18 OF 1885*

[16th October, 1885.]

An Act to provide for cases in which Mines or Minerals are situate under land which it is desired to acquire under the Land Acquisition Act, 1870. 1*

Short title and local extent.

1. Short title and local extent. (1) This Act may be called the Land Acquisition (Mines) Act, 1885; and

2*[(2) It extends to the whole of India except the territories which, immediately before the 1st November, 1956, were comprised in Part B States.

(3) It applies in the first instance to the territories which, immediately before the 1st November, 1956, were comprised in the States of Madras, Andhra, West Bengal, Bihar, Assam and Orissa; but any State Government may, from time to time, by notification in the Official Gazette, bring this Act into force in the whole or any specified part of the territories to which this Act extends, under its administration.]

Saving for mineral rights of the Government. 2. Saving for mineral rights of the Government. Except as expressly provided by this Act, nothing in this Act shall affect the right of 3*[the 4*[Government]] to any mines or minerals.

Declaration that mines are not needed.

3. Declaration that mines are not needed. (1) When the 5*[appropriate Government] makes a declaration under section 6 of the Land Acquisition Act, 1870 6* (10 of 1870.), that land is needed for a public purpose or for a Company, it may, if it thinks fit, insert in the declaration a statement that the mines of coal, iron-stone, slate or other minerals lying under the land or any particular portion of the land, except only such parts of the mines or minerals as it may be necessary to dig or carry away or use in the construction of the ---------------------------------------------------------------------- * Extended to Goa, Daman and Diu by Reg. II of 1963, s. 3 & Sch. 1 See now the Land Acquisition Act, 1894 (1 of 1894). 2 Subs. by the Adaptation of Laws (No. 2) Order, 1956, for the

former sub-sections (2) and (3). 3 Subs. by the A. O. 1937, for "the Government". 4 Subs. by the A. O. 1950, for "Crown". 5 Subs., ibid., for "the Provincial Government". 6 See now s. 6 of the Land Acquisition Act, 1894 (1 of 1894). 6 work for the purpose of which the land is being acquired, are not needed.

(2) When a statement as aforesaid has not been inserted in the declaration made in respect of any land under section 6 of the Land Acquisition Act, 1870 1*(10 of 1870), and the Collector is of opinion that the provisions of this Act ought to be applied to the land, he may abstain from tendering compensation under section 11 of the said Land Acquisition Act in respect of the mines, and may-- (a) when he makes an award under section 14 2* of that Act, insert such a statement in his award; (b) when he makes a reference to the Court under section 15 3* of that Act, insert such a statement in his reference; or (c) when he takes possession of the land under section 17 4* of that Act, publish such a statement in such manner as the 5*[appropriate Government] may, from time to time, proscribe.

(3) If any such statement is inserted in the declaration, award or reference, or published as aforesaid, the mines of coal, iron- stone, slate or other minerals under the land or portion of the land specified in the statement, except as aforesaid, shall not vest in 6*[the 7*[Government]] when the land so vests under the said Act.

Notice to be given before working mines lying under land. 4. Notice to be given before working mines lying under land. If the person for the time being immediately entitled to work or get any mines or minerals lying under any land so acquired is desirous of working or getting the same, he shall give the 5*[appropriate Government] notice in writing of his intention so to do sixty days before the commencement of working.

Power to prevent or restrict working.

5. Power to prevent or restrict working. (1) At any time or times after the receipt of a notice under the last foregoing section and whether before or after the expiration of the said period of sixty days, the 5*[appropriate Government] may cause the mines or minerals to be inspected by a person appointed by it for the purpose; and

(2) If it appears to the 5*[appropriate Government] that the working or getting of the mines or minerals, or any part thereof, is likely to cause damage to the surface of the land or any works thereon, the ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 See now s. 6 of the Land Acquisition Act, 1894 (1 of 1894). 2 See now s. 11, ibid. 3 See now s. 19, ibid. 4 See now s. 17, ibid. 5 Subs. by the A. O. 1950, for "Provincial Government". 6 Subs. by the A. O. 1937, for "the Government". 7 Subs. by the A. O. 1950, for "Crown". 7 1*[appropriate Government] may publish 2* a declaration of its willingness, either-- (a) to pay compensation for the mines or minerals still unworked or ungotten, or that part thereof, to all persons having an interest in the same; or (b) to pay compensation to all such persons in consideration of those mines or minerals, or that part thereof, being worked or gotten in such manner and subject to such restrictions as the 1*[appropriate Government] may in its declaration specify.

(3) If the declaration mentioned in case (a) is made, then those mines or minerals, or that part thereof, shall not thereafter be worked or gotten by any person.

(4) If the declaration mentioned in case (b) is made, then those mines or minerals, or that part thereof, shall not thereafter be worked or gotten by any person save in the manner and subject to the restrictions specified by the 1*[appropriate Government.]

3*[(5) Every declaration made under this section shall be published in such manner as the 1*[appropriate Government] may direct.]

Mode of determining persons interested and amount of compensation. 6. Mode of determining persons interested and amount of compensation. When the working or getting of any mines or minerals has been prevented or restricted under section 5, the persons interested in those mines or minerals and the amounts of compensation payable to them respectively shall, subject to all necessary modifications, be ascertained in the manner provided by the Land Acquisition Act, 1870 (10 of 1870.) 4*, for ascertaining the persons interested in the land to be acquired under that Act, and the amounts of compensation payable to them, respectively.

If appropriate Government does not offer to pay compensation, minesmay be worked in a proper manner. 7. If appropriate Government does not offer to pay compensation,

mines may be worked in a proper manner. (1) If before the expiration of the said sixty days the 1*[appropriate Government] does not publish a declaration as provided in section 5, the owner, lessee or occupier of the mines may, unless and until such a declaration is subsequently made, work the mines or any part thereof in a manner proper and necessary for the beneficial working thereof, and according to the usual manner of working such mines in the local area where the same are situate.

(2) If any damage or obstruction is caused to the surface of the land or any works thereon by improper working of the mines, the owner, lessee or occupier of the mines shall at once, at his own expense, repair the damage or remove the obstruction, as the case may require. ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 Subs. by the A. O. 1950. for "Provincial Government". 2 The words "in such manner as the G. G. in C. may, from time to time, direct" rep. by the Devolution Act, 1920 (38 of 1920), s. 2 and Sch. I. 3 Ins. by s. 2 and Sch. I of the Devolution Act, 1920 (38 of 1920). 4 See now the Land Acquisition Act, 1894 (1 of 1894). 8

(3) If the repair or removal is not at once effected, or, if the 1*[appropriate Government] so thinks fit, without writing for the same to be effected by the owner, lessee or occupier, the 1*[appropriate Government] may execute the same and recover from the owner, lessee or occupier the expense occasioned thereby.

Mining communications. 8. Mining communications. If the working of any mines is prevented or restricted under section 5, the respective owners, lessees and occupiers of the mines, if their mines extend so as to lie on both sides of the mines the working of which is prevented or restricted, may cut and make such and so many airways, headways, gateways or water-levels through the mines, measures or strata, the working whereof is prevented or restricted, as may be requisite to enable them to ventilate, drain and work their said mines; but no such airway, headway, gateway or water-level shall be of greater dimensions or section than may be prescribed by the 1*[appropriate Government] in this behalf, and, where no dimensions are so prescribed, not greater than eight feet wide and eight feet high, nor shall the same be cut or made upon any part of the surface or works, or so as to injure the same, or to interfere with the use thereof.

Appropriate Government to pay compensation for injury done to mines; 9. Appropriate Government to pay compensation for injury done to mines; The 1*[appropriate Government] shall, from time to time, pay to the owner, lessee or occupier of any such mines extending so as to lie on both sides of the mines, the working of which is prevented or restricted, all such additional expenses and losses as may be incurred by him by reason of the severance of the lands lying over those mines or of the continuous working of those mines being interrupted as aforesaid, or by reason of the same being worked in such manner and under such restrictions as not to prejudice or injure the surface or works, and for any minerals not acquired by the 1*[appropriate Government] which cannot be obtained by reason of the action taken under the foregoing sections; and if any dispute or question arises between the 1*[appropriate Government] and the owner, lessee or occupier as aforesaid, touching the amount of those losses or expenses, the same shall be settled as nearly as may be in the manner provided for the settlement of questions touching the amount of compensation payable under the Land Acquisition Act, 1870 2*(10 of 1870).

and also for injury arising from any airway or other work. 10. and also for injury arising from any airway or other work. If any loss or damage is sustained by the owner or occupier of the lands lying over any such mines, the working whereof has been so prevented or restricted as aforesaid (and not being the owner, lessee or occupier of those mines), by reason of the making of any such airway or other works as aforesaid, which or any like work it ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 Subs. by the A. O. 1950, for "Provincial Government". 2 See now the Land Acquisition Act, 1894 (1 of 1894). 9 would not have been necessary to make but for the working of the mines having been so prevented or restricted as aforesaid, the 1*[appropriate Government] shall pay full compensation to that owner or occupier of the surface lands for the loss or damage so sustained by him.

Power to officer of appropriate Government to enter and inspect theworking of mines. 11. Power to officer of appropriate Government to enter and inspect the working of mines. For better ascertaining whether any mines lying under land acquired in accordance with the provisions of this Act are being worked, or have been worked, or are likely to be worked so as to damage the land or the works thereon, an officer appointed for this purpose by the 1*[appropriate Government] may, after giving twenty-four hours' notice II writing, enter into and return from any such mines or the works connected therewith; and for that purpose the officer so appointed may make use of any apparatus or machinery belonging to the owner, lessee or occupier of the mines, and use all necessary means for discovering the distance from any part of the land acquired to the parts of the mines which have been, are being, or are about to be worked.

Penalty for refusal to allow inspection. 12. Penalty for refusal to allow inspection. If any owner, lessee or occupier of any such mines or works refuses to allow any officer appointed by the 1*[appropriate Government] for that purpose to enter into and inspect any such mines or works in manner aforesaid, he shall be punished with fines which may extend to two hundred rupees.

If mines worked contrary to provisions of this Act, appropriateGovernment may require means to be adopted for safety of landacquired. 13. If mines worked contrary to provisions of this Act, appropriate Government may require means to be adopted for safety of land acquired. If it appears that any such mines have been worked contrary to the provisions of this Act, the 1*[appropriate Government] may, if it thinks fit, give notice to the owner, lessee or occupier thereof to construct such works and to adopt such means as may be necessary or proper for making safe the land acquired, and the works thereon, and preventing injury thereto; and if, after such notice, any such owner, lessee or occupier does not forthwith proceed to construct the works necessary for making safe the land acquired and the works thereon, the 1*[appropriate Government] may itself construct the works and recover the expense thereof from the owner, lessee or occupier.

Construction of Act when land acquired has been transferred to a localauthority or Company. 14. Construction of Act when land acquired has been transferred to a local authority or Company. When a statement under section 3 has been made regarding any land, and the land has been acquired by the Government, and has been transferred to, or has vested by operation of law, in a local authority or Company, then sections 4 to 13, both inclusive, shall be read as if for the words "the 1*[appropriate Government]", wherever they occur in those sections, 2*[except in

section 5, sub-section (5) and ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 Subs. by the A. O. 1950, for "Provincial Government". 2 Ins. by Devolution Act, 1920 (38 of 1920), s. 2 and Sch. I. 10 section 8], the words "the local authority or Company, as the case may be, which has acquired the land," were substituted.

Pending cases. 15. [Pending cases.] Rep. by the Repealing and Amending Act, 1937 (20 of 1937), s. 3 and Sch., II.

Definition of local authority and Company. 16. Definition of local authority and Company. In this Act-- (a) "local authority" means any municipal committee, district board, body of port commissioners or other authority legally entitled to, or entrusted by the Government with, the control or management of any municipal or local fund; and (b) "Company" means a company registered under any of the enactments relating to Companies from time to time in force in 1*[India], or formed in pursuance of an Act of parliament 2*[of the United Kingdom] or by Royal Charter or Letters Patent; 2*[(c) "appropriate Government" means in relation to acquisition of land for the purposes of the Union, the Central Government, and, in relation to acquisition of land for any other purposes, the State Government.]

This Act to be read with Land Acquisition Act, 1870. 17. This Act to be read with Land Acquisition Act, 1870. This Act shall, for the purposes of all enactments for the time being in force, be read with and taken as part of the Land Acquisition Act 1870, 3*(10 of 1870). ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 Subs. by the Adaptation of Laws (No. 2) Order, 1956, for "Part A States and Part C States". 2 Ins. by the A. O. 1950. 3 See now the Land Acquisition Act, 1894 (1 of 1894).


Copyright

Reproduced in accordance with s52(q) of the Copyright Act 1957 (India) from judis.nic.in, indiacode.nic.in and other Indian High Court Websites

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