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AJAY KUMAR v. STATE OF PUNJAB - CRLM-58374-2003 [2005] RD-P&H 254 (9 December 2005)

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Crl.M.No.58374-M of 2003



Crl.M.No.58374-M of 2003

Date of decision: 11.1.2006


Ajay Kumar

.... Petitioner(s)


State of Punjab

.... Respondents



Present:- Mr.J.S.Bedi, Advocate, for the petitioner.

Mr. G.P.Gill, AAG, Punjab.


Petitioner is the proprietor of firm M/s Sharma Seeds Store, Sahnewal, District Ludhiana and dealing in the sale of insecticides and pesticides. This petition under Section 482 Cr.P.C has been filed by him for quashing of complaint Annexure P/5 filed by the Insecticide Inspector, Sahnewal and the subsequent proceedings taken thereon pending in the Court of Chief Judicial Magistrate, Ludhiana.

On 24.7.1992 the premises of M/s Sharma Seeds Store, Grain Market, Sahnewal, was checked by the Insecticide Inspector. He took sample of `Phosphomidon' 85% SL manufactured by M/s Unique Farmaid Pvt. Ltd., Ghaziabad. Its manufacturing date was June, 1992 and the date of - 2 -

Crl.M.No.58374-M of 2003

expiry was November, 1993. One sample was sent for chemical analysis.

As per report Annexure P/2 the sample did not conform to the relevant IS specification in active ingredients test requirement and was found to be misbranded. Petitioner was served with a show cause notice dated 3.11.1992, Annexure P/3. Along with the show cause notice, copy of the test report of the sample was also enclosed. Petitioner submitted reply, Annexure P/4, within 28 days of the receipt of the copy of the test report and also desired that another sample with the petitioner may be sent for re- analysis to the Central Drugs Laboratory at his expenses. As such the petitioner complied with the requirement as per the provisions of Section 24 (3) of the Insecticides Act, hereinafter referred to as `the Act'.

In pursuance of the complaint, petitioner has been summoned by the Court of Chief Judicial Magistrate, Ludhiana, vide order dated 17.11.1993, Annexure P/6. Petitioner seeks quashing of the complaint as well as subsequent proceedings mainly on the ground that he was summoned when the shelf life of the sample had already expired. He was, therefore, deprived of his valuable right of getting the sample re-analysed from the Central Drugs Laboratory. He had earlier informed the Insecticide Inspector that the report of the Senior Analyst was not acceptable to him and he wished to get another sample re-analysed. In support of his contention the learned counsel placed reliance on the judgments reported as State of Haryana v. Unique Farmaid P.Ltd., 1999(4) RCR (Criminal) 540; Bayer - 3 -

Crl.M.No.58374-M of 2003

India Ltd., v. State of Punjab, 2002(4) RCR (Criminal) 50; M/s Hindustan Pulverising Mills v. State of Haryana, 2002(4) RCR (Criminal) 555 and M/s Gupta Chemicals Pvt. Ltd. & others v. State of Rajasthan & another, 2002 (4) RCR (Criminal) 763. Learned State counsel, however, argued that all these points may be raised by the petitioner at the appropriate stage of the proceedings and even accepting the factual position as stated to be correct, no case for quashing of the complaint in exercise of power under Section 482 Cr.P.C., is made out.

At the outset, certain provisions of the Act, which are relevant for the purposes of the present proceedings, may be reproduced hereunder:- " 3. Definitions In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires-

(k) `misbranded'- an insecticide shall be deemed to be misbranded:

xx xx xx

(viii)if the insecticide has a toxicity which is higher than the level prescribed or is mixed or packed with any substance so as to alter its nature or quality or contains any substance which is not included in the registration." " 24. Report of Insecticide Analyst :-

(1)xx xx xx xx

(2)The Insecticide Inspector on receipt thereof shall deliver one - 4 -

Crl.M.No.58374-M of 2003

copy of the report to the person from whom the sample was taken and shall retain the other copy for use in any prosecution in respect of the sample.

(3)Any document purporting to be a report signed by an Insecticide Analyst shall be evidence of the facts stated therein, and such evidence shall be conclusive unless the person from whom the sample was taken has within twenty- eight days of the receipt of a copy of the report notified in writing the Insecticide Inspector or the Court before which any proceedings in respect of the sample are pending that he intends to adduce evidence in controversion of the report.

(4)Unless the sample has already been tested or analysed in the Central Insecticide Laboratory, where a person has under sub-section (3) notified his intention of adducing evidence in controversion of the Insecticide Analyst report, the Court may, of its own motion or in its discretion at the request either of the complainant or of the accused, cause the sample of the insecticide produced before the Magistrate under sub- section (6) of Section 22 to be sent for test or analysis to the laboratory, which shall make the test or analysis and report in writing signed by, or under the authority of, the Director of the Central Insecticides Laboratory the result thereof, and - 5 -

Crl.M.No.58374-M of 2003

such report shall be conclusive evidence of the facts stated therein.

(5) xx xx xx"

From a bare reading of the afore-quoted provisions, it is manifest that the report of the Government Analyst shall be conclusive evidence of fact, unless the person from whom the sample was taken or the person whose name, address and other particulars have been disclosed, has, within 28 days of the receipt of the report, notified in writing to the Inspector or the Court, before which any proceedings in respect of the sample are pending, that he intends to adduce evidence in controversion of the report. Sub-section (4) of Section 24 of the Act further makes it clear that right to get the sample re-analysed through the Court accrues to a person only if he had earlier notified to the concerned authority, his intention of adducing evidence to controvert the report of the Government Analyst in accordance with the provisions of sub-section (3). It needs no emphasis that this right vested in the State is valuable for the defence, particularly in a case where the allegations are that material does not conform to the prescribed standard. In the present case, although the petitioner had expressed his desire to get the sample re-analysed from the Central Drugs Laboratory within the stipulated time, yet no step was taken by the Inspector either to send the sample to the Central Drugs Laboratory or to file complaint in the Court with promptitude in which case the - 6 -

Crl.M.No.58374-M of 2003

petitioner would have moved the Court for appropriate order for the purpose. The Apex Court in Unique Farmaid's case (supra) has held as under:-

" Procedure for testing the sample is prescribed and if it is contravened to the prejudice of the accused, he certainly has right to seek dismissal of the complaint. There cannot be two opinions about that. Then in order to safeguard the right of the accused to have the sample tested from Central Insecticides Laboratory, it is incumbent on the prosecution to file the complaint expeditiously so that the right of the accused is not lost. In the present case, by the time the respondents were asked to appear before the Court, expiry date of the insecticide was already over and sending of sample to the Central Insecticides Laboratory at that late stage would be of no consequence. This issue is no longer res integra. In The State of Punjab v. National Organic Chemical Industries Ltd., JT 1996(10)SC 480 this Court in somewhat similar circumstances said that the procedure laid down under Section 24 of the Act deprived the accused to have sample tested by the Central Insecticides Laboratory and adduce evidence of the report so given in his defence. This Court stressed the need to lodge the complaint with utmost despatch so that the accused may opt to - 7 -

Crl.M.No.58374-M of 2003

avail the statutory defence. The Court held that the accused had been deprived of a valuable right statutorily available to him. In this view of the matter, the court did not allow the criminal complaint to proceed against the accused. We have cases under the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 and the Prevention of Food Adulteration Act, 1954 involving the same question. In this connection reference be made to decisions of this Court in State of Haryana v. Brij Lal Mittal & others, 1998 (2) RCR (Crl.) 608: 1988(5) SCC 343 under the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940; Municipal Corporation of Delhi v. Ghisa Ram, AIR 1967 SC 970; Chetumal v. State of Madhya Pradesh & another, 1981(3) SCC 72 and Calcutta Municipal Corporation v. Pawan Kumar Saraf & another, 1999(1) RCR (Crl.) 699: 1999(2) SCC 400 all under the Prevention of Food Adulteration Act, 1954."

It would be gain-saying that due to the inaction on the part of the Insecticide Inspector it was not possible for the petitioner to have the sample re-analysed by the Central Drugs Laboratory and in the meantime the shelf life of the sample of insecticide seized had expired. Therefore, the petitioner has been deprived of a valuable right. In these circumstances I am of the view that continuance of the criminal prosecution against the petitioner would be an abuse of process of Court.

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Crl.M.No.58374-M of 2003

In view of the above discussion, this petition is allowed and consequently complaint Annexure P/5 filed against the petitioner and subsequent proceedings in pursuance thereof are hereby quashed.

( Nirmal Yadav)


January 11, 2006.



Reproduced in accordance with s52(q) of the Copyright Act 1957 (India) from judis.nic.in, indiacode.nic.in and other Indian High Court Websites


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