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OMANA v. STATE OF KERALA - Crl Rev Pet No. 978 of 1998  RD-KL 4665 (5 March 2007)
IN THE HIGH COURT OF KERALA AT ERNAKULAMCrl Rev Pet No. 978 of 1998()
1. STATE OF KERALA
For Petitioner :SRI.K.S.MOHAMED HASHIM
For Respondent :PUBLIC PROSECUTOR
The Hon'ble MR. Justice K.R.UDAYABHANU
O R D E R
K.R. UDAYABHANU, J.CRL.R.P.NO.978 of 1998
DATED THIS THE 5th day of march 2007
ORDERThe revision petitioners are the accused in C.C.No.555/1992 with respect to the offence under Section 55(a) of the Abkari Act and sentenced to undergo simple imprisonment for six months each and to pay a fine of Rs.1000/- each and in default to undergo simple imprisonment for two months each. The prosecution case is that on 13-9-1991 the Excise party that was scouting the area on patrol duty on receipt of source information searched the house of the 2nd accused and detected 5 litres of illicit arrack in a 10 litres plastic container kept in the kitchen of the house of A2. The same was seized and on chemical examination of the sample, it was found to contain 37.79% by volume of ethyl alcohol. The appellate court confirmed the conviction and sentence.
2. The evidence adduced in the matter consisted of the testimony of PWs.1 to 6, Esxts.P1 to P6 and MO.1 The case of the accused is one of total denial. The defence examined DW1, CRRP 978/1998 -2- the 2nd accused, and DW2 and marked Exts.D1 and D1(a). The 2nd accused is the husband of the first accused. PWs.1 and 2 are the Preventive Officers who detected the offence and PW5 is the Excise Inspector who filed the complaint along with the request for sending the sample for chemical examination. PW6 is the Assistant Excise Inspector who produced the contraband articles and the connected records before the court. PWs.3 and 4 are the independent witnesses to search and recovery. PWs.1 and 2 have testified as to the receipt of information and search of the house after compliance of due legal formalities. PWs.3 and 4,the independent witnesses have turned hostile. It was found on a consideration of the evidence adduced in the matter by both the courts below that there is nothing to disbelieve the version of PWs.1 and 2. I find that no material contradictions or inconsistencies have been brought out in the cross examination of the above witnesses. The defence case that accused No.2 is living in a separate house, supported by Ext.D1 ration card was disbelieved as it was found that Ext.D1 ration card was CRRP 978/1998 -3- obtained much subsequent to the detection of the offence. Hence the evidence of PW2, the licensee of the ration depot was also rejected; and rightly so.
3. I find that as per the prosecution evidence the head of the family is accused No.2. Hence, I find that nothing has been produced to establish the fact that accused No.1, wife is also involved in keeping possession of the illicit liquor. In the circumstances, I find that there is no legal basis for convicting accused No.1, the wife. Hence, the conviction and sentence imposed on the first accused is herewith set aside.
4. Counsel for the revision petitioner has pleaded for leniency pointing out the fact that the accused hailed from very poor circumstances and that the incident has taken place in 1991 and that so far, i.e. for more than 16 years they were facing the ordeal of prosecution and the court proceedings. In the circumstances the sentence imposed on accused No.2 is modified to imprisonment till the rising of the court and to pay a fine of Rs.5,000/- and in default to undergo simple imprisonment CRRP 978/1998 -4- for one month. The revision petition is disposed of accordingly. The revision petitioner/A2 shall appear before the J.F.C.M., Mavelikara on 16-4-2007 to receive sentence.
K.R.UDAYABHANU, JUDGEks. CRRP 978/1998 -5-
K.R.UDAYABHANU, JCRL.R.P.NO. 978 OF 1998
ORDER5th March -2007
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