High Court of Judicature at Allahabad
Case Law Search
M/S. Minerals & Metals Trading Corporation Of India Ltd. v. Trade Tax Tribunal - SALES/TRADE TAX REVISION No. 666 of 1996  RD-AH 220 (20 January 2005)
TRADE TAX REVISION NO.666 OF 1996
TRADE TAX REVISION NO.667 OF 1996
TRADE TAX REVISION NO.668 OF 1996
M/s Minerals & Metal Trading Corporation of
India Limited, Moradabad. ....Applicant
Trade Tax Tribunal, U.P., Moradabad & another ....Opp.parties
TRADE TAX REVISION NO. 915 OF 1996
TRADE TAX REVISION NO.916 OF 1966
TRADE TAX REVISION NO. 917 OF 1996
The Commissioner, Trade Tax, U.P., Lucknow. ....Applicant
S/S The Minerals and Metals Trading Corporation
Of India Limited. ....Opp.party
Hon'ble Rajes Kumar, J.
These six revisions under Section 11 of U.P. Trade Tax Act (hereinafter referred to as "Act") are directed against the order of Tribunal dated 30.03.1996 relating to the assessment year 1987-88, 88-89 and 89-90. Revision Nos. 666, 667 and 668 of 1996 have been filed by the dealer and revision nos. 915, 916 and 917 of 1996 have been filed by the Commissioner of Trade Tax.
Dealer is a Company, constituted under the Indian Companies Act, 1956 and is Government of India Corporation, working under the Ministry of Commerce, Union of India, New Delhi and engaged in the business of importing minerals from outside the Country and selling the same. For the assessment years in dispute dealer claimed to have imported and sold copper rods, nickels, lead, zinc etc. For the aforesaid assessment years assessing authority passed the assessment orders under Rule 41 (7) and levied the tax on the turn over of the aforesaid goods @ 2.2% treating them as "metal". Assessment orders for the assessment year 1987-88 was passed on 29.08.1991, assessment order for the assessment year 1988-89 on 24.02.1992, and for the assessment year 1989-90 on 23.05.1992. Assessing authority initiated the proceedings under section 22 of the Act on the ground that during these assessment years, dealer had sold imported copper wire rod and nickel strips, which were wrongly taxed @ 2.2% while in accordance to the decision of the Apex Court in the case of Hindustan Aluminum Corporation Limited Vs. State of U.P., reported in 1981 UPTC, 1249 and in view of the decision of this Court in the case of CST Vs. Gulati and Company, reported in 1982 (4) STI, Alld., 16 non-ferrous metal, means metal in primary form. It is further observed that in the case of Hindustan Aluminum Corporation Limited Vs. State of U.P. (Supra) aluminum rod has not been treated as aluminum metal in primary form. Dealer filed reply. In reply, it was stated that aluminum rod and nickel strip were metal in primary form. It was submitted that the copper wire rod was primary form of electrolytic copper , which was being manufactured by the manufacturer by melting in different grades in the various manufacturing units. It was also explained that in ASTM specification Strandard B-5-89 it is stated that electrolytic, top-pitch copper wire bars is included in Cakes, slabs, billets, ingots and ingots bars and it is used as raw material by the manufacturer of wire. Likewise at per Standard B-115-83 electrolytic cathodes copper is included in copper wire and bars. With regard to the nickel it was stated that from the nickel various grades of nickel cathode are manufactured and they are classified as ASTM-B39-79-DIN-1701-150-6283-1979-995 and commonly they are called as square and strips. Further stated that dealer sell it in its primary form and they are primary metal. Assessing authority, however, not accepted the plea of the dealer and levied the tax on the turn over of imported copper wire @ 4.4% and on the turn over of imported nickel strips @ 8.8%. Dealer filed appeals before the Deputy Commissioner (Appeals), Trade Tax, Moradabad. Deputy Commissioner (Appeals) rejected all the three appeals. Dealer filed second appeals before the Tribunal, which were allowed by the impugned order. Before the Tribunal, applicant submitted that on the facts and circumstances, proceedings under section 22 of the Act was not justified and both copper rod and so called nickel strips were primary metal and, therefore, they were liable to tax @ 2.2% as metal. Tribunal justified the initiation of the proceedings under section 22 of the Act on the basis of the decision of the Apex Court in the Hindustan Aluminum Corporation Limited Vs. State of U.P.(Supra). Tribunal further held that perusal of the sample and photograph shows that the copper wire rod was in primary form and held that its turn over is liable to tax @ 2.2% as metal. However, with regard to the nickel strip Tribunal held that dealer failed to adduce any evidence to show that nickel strip was metal in primary form. Against the impugned order Dealer as well as Commissioner of Trade Tax filed the present revisions.
Heard learned counsel for the parties.
Learned counsel for the dealer submitted that the dealer is a corporation of the Government of India and engaged in the business of importing and selling metal in primary form. He submitted that assessing authority on consideration of the nature of the goods in the original assessment levied the tax @ 2% treating them as metal. He submitted that the orders have been passed in the year 1991 when the Division Bench decision in the case of M/s Hindustan Aluminum Corporation Limited Vs. CST, reported in 1977 UPTC, 81 and the decision of the Apex Court in the case of M/s Hindustan Aluminum Corporation Limited Vs. State of U.P., reported in 1981 UPTC, 1249 were available and, therefore, it can not be said that while passing the original assessment orders aforesaid two decisions were not in the knowledge of the assessing authority. He submitted that the decision in the case of CST Vs. Gulati and Company (Supra) is not relevant to the issue. In that case dispute was relating to rate of tax on ice-cream cone and decision of the Apex Court in Hindustan Aluminum Corporation (Supra) has been referred in different context. He submitted that in the proceedings under section 22 of the Act, since it was the claim of the revenue that the copper wire rod and so called nickel strip were not metal in primary form, burden lies upon the revenue to establish, which they failed. He further submitted that in the case of Hindustan Aluminum Corporation Limited Vs. CST (Supra), Division Bench of this Court has treated cast product as metal in primary form and in the cast product included wire rod and bars, therefore, so far as copper wire rod is concerned, it is held to be in a primary form by the Division Bench of this Court and there was no dispute in this regard before the Apex Court. Dispute before the Apex Court in the case of Hindustan Aluminum Corporation Limited Vs. State of U.P. (Supra) was only with regard to rolled product and extrusion Claim of Hindustan Aluminum Corporation Limited was that even rolled product and extrusion were covered under the entry of "Metal", which was not accepted by the Apex Court. He further submitted that neither in the decision of the Division Bench of this Court nor in the Apex Court nickel strip was the item in dispute and in none of the decisions nickel strip has been held not in primary form. Therefore, with regard to the nickel strip, Division Bench decision of this Court and the Apex Court were not relevant and could not be made basis for the initiation of the proceedings under section 22 of the Act. He submitted that it was highly debatable whether the copper wire rod and so called nickel strip were in a primary form or not, it needs investigation and, therefore, it was outside the purview of section 22 o the Act, in as much as under section 22 of the Act only mistake apparent on the face of record can be rectified and not those mistakes which requires investigation of fact and debate. Learned Standing Counsel submitted that order of Tribunal so far as it relates to initiation of proceedings under section 22 of the Act and treating nickel strips as an unclassified item is concerned, it correct. He further submitted that Tribunal has erred in treating copper wire rod in its primary form while wire rod can not be treated as metal in primary form.
I have perused the order of Tribunal and the authorities below.
Learned Standing Counsel has also produced the record of the Tribunal and the assessment records. In the assessment record, there is list of the purchases of the various items. List shows that at some places nickel bars, nickel strips and rods are mentioned and the copper wire rods are also mentioned. In the assessment record, sale invoices are also available, in which items sold are described as nickel strips as well as square bars. Annexure-6 of the revision is a purchase invoice issued in favour of the dealer, which describes the goods as 20000 MT primary nickel in the form of Cathodes 4"x4" (unwronght and unalloyed) of LME registered brand. In the case of M/s Hindustan Aluminum Corporation Limited Vs. CTS, reported in 1977 UPTC, 81 question for consideration before the Division Bench was about the taxability of various types of aluminum products. The claim of the company was that the various products manufactured by the company were liable to tax as a metal. Division Bench of this Court held as follows:
"In the present case, it is not disputed that aluminum as a pure metal, does not occur. It occurs in the form of bausite. From buxite, alumina is extracted, and thereafter alumina is by a manufacturing process converted into aluminium which is in a molten form. It hardly admits of any doubt that molten aluminium is not a saleable commodity. It becomes saleable only after it is given a particular shape. At this stage, we may also notice the contention raised on behalf of the State that the words "metal and alloys" as used in the Notification only embraces alumina which is the basis metal. It might be that alumina is also a metal or a ''metal alloy'. In this case, we are not concerned with the tax on the sale of alumina. We are concerned with the sale of aluminium in its various forms. There is a basic difference between alumina and aluminium. Alumina is an oxide of aluminium while aluminium is a pure metal. This is born out by the standard books of chemistry. This being so, it cannot be said that aluminium is not also a metal. The basis question so, in the case is as to whether only aluminium ingots, as has been held by the Sales Tax Officer come within the description of the words "metal or alloys" as used in the Notification, or other products also qualify. It appears from Annexure "G' to the amendment application that the petitioner manufactures three types of aluminium products (1) Cast Products; (2) Rolled Products and (3) Extrusions. Cast Products consists of (i) aluminium ingots, (ii) aluminium alloy ingots and (iii) Wire Bars (iv) Propoerazi Redraw Rods and (v) Billets Rolled products are obtained by rolling ingots and Extrusion are manufactured from billets. In can hardly be doubted that ingots and billets are saleable commodities as such. By subjecting them to further process of manufacture i.e., either by rolling them or by processing them by the Extrusion process, a new commercial commodity comes into existence i.e., Rolled products and Extrusions. Thus so far as Rolled Products and Extrusions are concerned, since they are manufactured either from ingots or billets, they cannot come in the category or metals and alloys. They are new commercial commodities distinct from ingots and billets giving out the Cast products. As regard cast product we have already seen, as appears from annexure "G' they consist of aluminium ingots, aluminium alloy ingots, wire bars, Properzi Redraw Rods and billets. During the course of argument, it appeared that so far as aluminium alloy ingots, wire bars and billets are concerned, the process for manufacture of these items is similar to those of aluminium ingots. Standing Counsel could not dispute this. There is no justification for treating aluminium alloy ingots, wire bars and billets as not coming within the description of ''metals and alloys.' The dispute so far as Cast Products are concerned centers round Properzi Redraw Rods. We have already set out the process of manufacture of Properzi Redraw Rods. Counsel for the State contended that as soon as molten metal is solidified into 12 sq. centimeter cross section they assume the nature of a commercial commodity, and subsequently when they are further processed by being fed into the Properzi Mill another new commodity, Properzi Redraw Rods comes into existence. Parties do not appear to have led evidence on the point as to whether the solidified 12sq. centimeter cross section are a commercial commodity at that stage. As sucyh it would not be proper to decide in these proceedings as to whether Properzi Redraw Rods fall within the description of ''metals and alloys' without giving the parties a further opportunity to lead evidence in the matter. We, therefore, think it appropriate to direct the Sales Tax Officer to look into this aspect of the matter and decide whether Properzi Redraw Rods come within the description of ''metals and alloys' after considering the evidence, if any, which the petitioner may chose to lead and in the light of the principles laid down in the case of State of Tamil Nadu v. M/s Pyare Lal Malhotra, AIR 1976 SC, 800 [=1976 UPTC 282 (SC)]."
Perusal of the decision of the Division Bench shows that the cast product has been treated as the item covered under the entry of "Metal" and the cast product has been held consists of aluminum ingots and wire bars, Peprozi Redraw Rods and billets. Therefore, as per the Division Bench decision wire rods is included under the entry of "Metal". Therefore, view of the assessing authority that the wire rods were not treated in the primary form is not correct. Division Bench held that the rolled product and extrusion were not covered under the entry of "Metal". Against the said order, Hindustan Aluminum Corporation filed appeal before the Apex Court. Apex Court upheld the order of the Division Bench of this Court, which is reported as Hindustan Aluminum Corporation Limited Vs. State of U.P., reported in 1981 UPTC, 1249. Apex Court had not set aside the view of the Division Bench namely, that the wire rod bars were covered being cast product under the entry of "Metal". In this view of the matter, initiation of the proceedings under section 22 of the Act with the view that the copper wire rod and bars were not held in a primary form by the Apex Court is unjustified.
So far as nickel strips is concerned, the case of the dealer was that it was in a primary form. Since it was the case of the revenue while initiating the proceedings under section 22 of the Act that nickel strips were not metal in a primary form, burden lies upon the revenue to prove its case. Perusal of the order under section 22 of the Act and the Tribunal shows that the revenue has failed to adduce any evidence that nickel strips were not in a primary form. Perusal of the assessment record shows that the dealer had imported nickel in the form of strips, square and bars. One of the invoice, which is annexure-6 shows that it was referred as "20000 MT primary nickel in the form of cathode 4x4". Therefore, prima facie it appears that nickel strips and bars, which were imported and sold were primary nickel in the form of cathode. Decision of the Apex Court in the case of Hindustan Aluminum Corporation Vs. CST (Supra) and CST Vs. Gulati And Company (Supra), which were made basis for initiating the proceedings under section 22 of the Act were not relating to nickel strips. Therefore, in any view of the matter, it was doubtful whether item imported and sold by the dealer were not in a primary form. Under section 22 of the Act only mistake apparent on the face of record can be rectified. Those mistakes, which requires investigation and are doubtful, and where two opinions are possible can not be said to be mistake apparent on record and are outside the purview of section 22 of the Act.
In the case of Balram (TS) ITO Vs. Volkart Bros. Reported in 1982 ITR50, the Hon'ble Supreme Court has held that the mistake apparent on the record must be on obvious and patent mistake and not something which can be established by a long drawn process of reasoning on point on which there may be conceivably two opinions. A decision on a debatable point of law is not a mistake apparent from the record.
In the case of Concrete Spun Pipe Works Vs. The Sales Tax Officer, Sector V, Kanpur reported in 24 STC, 48, the dealer was engaged in the business of manufacturing and selling reinforced cement spun pipe. Cement concrete spun pipe was taxed for the assessment years at the rate of 2%. Later on notice under Section 22 was issued with the view that spun pipe fell under the description "sanitary fittings" and therefore, liable to tax at the rate of 7%. Dealer filed the writ petition and challenged the notice under Section 22 which was quashed. The Division Bench held as follows:
"The jurisdiction of the Assessing Authority under Section 22 is confined to the rectification of a mistake apparent on the face of the record of the assessment. It must be a mistake and it must be apparent on the face of the record. Clearly Section 22 does not envisage rectification of an error of judgment. The mistake must be apparent on the face of the record. It must be a mistake which will appear upon a glance at the record and not a mistake which emerged after a prolonged debate on the merits of the question. Section 22 was considered by Manchanda, J. in Sarin Texteils Mills vs. Sales Tax Officer, that decision was affirmed in Special Apeal No.679 of 1963 decided on 3-1-1964, by the Chief Justice and R.S.Pathak, J., Since then the Supreme Court in Master Construction Co. Pvt. Ltd. vs. State of Orissa considering the same point in a similar proceeding under the Orissa Sales Tax Rules, 1947. has observed:
"There is another qualification, namely such an error shall be apparent on the face of record, that is to say, it is not an error which depends for its discovery, elaborate arguments on questions of fact or law."
"It is not disputed that it will be necessary for the Sales Tax Officer to apply his mind afresh for the purposes of determining whether the cement concrete spun pipes in question can be described as "sanitary fittings" and, therefore, whether the conclusion come to in the assessment order already made in respect of that turnover, is erroneous. We are of opinion that in the circumstances of the2 case, it can not be said that what the Sales Tax Officer proposes to do pursuant to the impugned notice amounts to a rectification of a mistake apparent on the face of record. The Sales Tax Officer has no jurisdiction to take the proceeding under Section 22 of the Act and consequently the proceeding including the notice must be quashed."
In the result revision nos. 666, 667 and 668 of 1996 filed by the dealer are allowed and the revision nos. 915, 196 and 917 of 1996 filed by the Commissioner of Trade Tax are dismissed.
Double Click on any word for its dictionary meaning or to get reference material on it.