High Court of Judicature at Allahabad
Case Law Search
Gyan Chandra Dixit v. District Magistrate Banda & Others - WRIT - C No. 8783 of 2003  RD-AH 787 (18 March 2005)
CIVIL MISC. WRIT PETITION NO. 8783 OF 2003
Umesh Chandra Pandey................................................Petitioner Versus
State of U.P. and others...........................................Respondents
Hon'ble Tarun Agarwala, J.
An advertisement appeared in the newspaper inviting applications from the public for appointment to the post of a Sub Inspector (Civil Police) for the session 1987-88. The petitioner applied and qualified for the interview in which he was also declared successful. However, the petitioner was prevented from being sent for training at the Police Training College, Moradabad whereas other persons of his batch were sent for training and thereafter were posted at various police stations in the State of U.P. Since the petitioner was discriminated he and other similarly situated persons filed Writ Petition No.18939 of 1989 before this Hon'ble Court. This petition was allowed by a judgment dated 15.3.1991. This Court held that the remaining 39 vacancies for the session 1987-88 shall be filled up from the remaining candidates of the Select List from Sl.No.414 onwards. The operative portion of the judgment is quoted herein:-
"All these writ petitions are therefore disposed of directing the respondents to fill up the aforesaid 39 vacancies from the residuary candidates who are placed next to the selected candidates in the selection list starting from serial no.414. The respondents will and offers to all the candidates starting from serial No.414 upto last petitioner of all the categories in the selection list and offer the appointment to them strictly in accordance with the merit list subject to medical fitness and cut off percentage in respective categories. No order as to costs."
It further transpires that a Special Leave Petition was preferred by the State of U.P. before the Supreme Court of India which was dismissed by a judgment dated 16.9.1991. Inspite of the dismissal of the Special Leave Petition, the petitioner was not appointed and has compelled to file a Contempt Petition No.431 of 1994 in which the Special Secretary (Home) was directed to appear in person. Eventually, a letter dated 27.6.1994 was issued indicating therein that in pursuance of the select list of 1987-88, the petitioner was directed to report for training before the Police Training College, Moradabad on or before 7.7.1994. The said letter also indicated that the order was being issued in compliance of the orders of the Hon'ble High Court. The petitioner further stated that based on the aforesaid order, he appeared before the Police Training College, Moradabad and after completing his training, was placed as a Sub Inspector. However, the petitioner was given the placement on the basis of the list prepared in the year 1994 whereas he should have been placed in the select list of the year 1987-88. The petitioner made a detailed representation praying that he should be given the correct placement which remained pending and eventually the petitioner again approached this Court by filing Writ Petition No.53492 of 2000 which was disposed of by a judgment dated 11.12.2000 directing respondent no.2 to decide the matter by a speaking order within four months. Based on the directions of this Court, the Deputy Inspector General of Police (Establishment) U.P. at Allahabad, respondent no.2 passed the impugned order dated 12.6.2001 rejecting the claim of the petitioner holding that the petitioner was not entitled to be placed in the list of 1987-88. Consequently, the present writ petition has been filed praying for the quashing of the order dated 12.6.2001, passed by respondent no.2, and further praying for a writ of mandamus commanding respondent no.2 to place the petitioner as per his merit in the gradation list of the year 1987-88 and grant all consequential benefits.
In the writ petition, the petitioner further contended that one Sunder Singh was not sent for training along with his batchmates. He filed a Civil Misc. Writ Petition No.9265 of 1985, which was dismissed on 16.3.1990 by the High Court, against which he preferred a Special Leave Petition which was allowed by judgment dated 31.1.1994. The Supreme Court directed the respondents to consider his case for promotion as Sub Inspector and to fix his seniority from the date when his juniors were promoted with all consequential benefits. The petitioner submitted that based on the directions of the Supreme Court, Sri Sunder Singh was placed as a Sub Inspector and was given consequential placement and seniority with retrospective effect, i.e., from the date when his juniors were promoted. On the other hand, the petitioner has been discriminated and has not been placed in the Gradation List of 1987-88.
Heard Sri Shashi Nandan, the learned Senior Advocate assisted by Miss Pooja Agarwal for the petitioner and the learned Standing Counsel for the respondents.
Learned counsel for the petitioner submitted that as per the judgment of this Court dated 15.3.1991 the petitioner was appointed as a Sub Inspector for the session 1987-88 from the original merit list prepared by the respondent and therefore, he should be placed in the Gradation List of 1987-88 and should not be placed in the Gradation List of 1994 as is also clear from the letter of the respondents dated 27.6.1994. The petitioner further submitted that in view of Rule 8(2) of the U.P. Government Servant Seniority Rules, 1991, the petitioner was also entitled to be given the seniority as shown in the merit list. In support of his submission, the learned counsel for the petitioner has relied upon a decision of Surendra Narain Singh and others vs. State of Bihar and others, (1998)5 SCC 246.
On the other hand the learned Standing Counsel appearing for the respondents submitted that since there was no provision of making a waiting list, the petitioner was not selected from the original select list but was appointed subsequently in pursuance of the judgment of the High Court and was placed in the Gradation List of the year 1994 when he was appointed and that he cannot be placed in the Gradation List of the year 1987-88 with retrospective effect. The learned counsel for the petitioner further relied upon paragraph 41(5) of the U.P. Police Training College Manual which states that the list has to be prepared in the order of seniority determined according to the marks obtained in the final exams. In support of his submission learned counsel further relied upon a decision of the Supreme Court in Gujarat State Deputy Executive Engineers Association vs. State of Gujarat and others, 1994 SCC (L & S) 1159, in which the Supreme Court held that unless the government had acted arbitrarily, the High Court could not direct the Government to appoint the candidates from the waiting list in the vacancies of the relevant years The respondents further submitted that the case of Sunder Singh was different and that the respondents gave him the seniority with retrospective effect on account of the directions issued by the Supreme Court and submitted that the petitioner was not discriminated.
After considering the submissions made by the parties, I am of the opinion that the writ petition is liable to be allowed.
This Court had directed the respondents to decide the representation of the petitioner. I have perused the impugned order and I find that the authority has only narrated the stand taken by both the parties and thereafter concluded by rejecting the representation of the petitioner. No reasons have been given indicating as to why the application of the petitioner had been rejected. In my opinion, the authority has not applied its mind. The authority was required to pass a reasoned order which does not exist in the present case.
U.P. Government Servants Seniority Rules, 1991 have been framed under the proviso to Article 309 of the Constitution of India. These Rules are applicable to government servants including the petitioner and which is admitted by the respondents. Rule 8 is quoted herein below:-
"8. Seniority where appointments made by promotion and direct recruit.- (1) Where according to the service rules appointments are made both by the promotion and by direct recruitment, the seniority of persons appointed shall, subject to the provisions of the following sub-rules, be determined from the date of the order of their substantive appointments, and if two or more persons are appointed together, in the order in which their names are arranged in the appointment order;
Provided that if the appointment order specifies a particulars back date, with effect from which a person is substantively appointed, that date will be deemed to be the date of order of substantive appointment and, in other cases, it will means the date of issuance of the order;
Provided further that a candidate recruited directly may lose his seniority, if he fails to join without valid reasons, when vacancy if offered to him the decision of the appointment authority as to the validity of reasons, shall be final.
(2) The seniority inter se of persons appointed on the result of any one selection-
(a) through direct recruitments, shall be the same as it is shown in the merit list prepared by the Commission or by the Committee, as the case may be;
(b) by promotion, shall be as determined in accordance with the principles laid down in Rules 6 or Rule 7, as the case may be, accordingly as the promotion are to be made from a single feeing cadre or several feeding cadres."
From a perusal of the aforesaid it is clear that the seniority of the candidate would be such as shown in the merit list in a particular selection. Paragraph 41(5) of the U.P. Police Training College Manual is quoted herein below:-
"(5) The Examination Board shall prepare a list of cadets who have attained the requite degree of proficiency and shall place those cadets in order of seniority determined according to the marks obtained in the final examination."
From the perusal of the aforesaid, it is clear that the list of seniority would be of cadets which are prepared in the order of seniority determined according to the marks obtained in the final examination. Rule 8(2) of the Rules 1991 and paragraph 41(5) of the U.P. Police Training College Manual speaks the same language and makes it apparently clear that the seniority would be determined as shown in the merit list.
The petitioners and other candidates were selected in the session of 1987-88. Others were given their placement earlier whereas the petitioner was denied an appointment for reasons best known to the respondents. The petitioner filed a writ petition and succeeded in which this Hon'ble Court by judgment dated 15.3.1991 directed the respondents to appoint the petitioner from the same merit list. Based on this judgment, the respondent issued a letter dated 27.6.1994 which indicates that the petitioner was being appointed from the same merit list of 1987-88. Therefore, in view of the directions of the High Court and, in view of the letter dated 27.6.1994, it is clear, that the petitioner was appointed as a Sub Inspector from the same merit list of 1987-88 and on the basis of the same selection. Thus, in my view, the seniority of the petitioner has to be determined on the basis of his placement in the merit list of 1987-88 and the petitioner, should be placed in the gradation list of the year 1987-88 instead of placing the petitioner in the gradation list of 1994. This is on account of the fact that the petitioner was appointed from the same Select List of 1987-88.
The stand taken by the respondents that there is no provision of a waiting list is irrelevant and also devoid of any merit. There is in fact no waiting list. The petitioner has been appointed from the remaining candidates of the merit list of 1987-88. The directions given by this Court in its judgment dated 15.3.1991 has become final. The petitioner was appointed from the merit list of 1987-88 and, therefore, his seniority was to be calculated on the basis of the merit list of 1987-88. In my opinion, the petitioner was entitled to be placed in the gradation list of 1987-88.
Further I see no justification in the stand taken by the respondents in so far as the petitioner's case is concerned. The respondents have given the seniority to one Sunder Singh, who was similarly placed with retrospective effect. The case of Sunder Singh is on the same footing as that of the petitioner and the respondents should have also given the petitioner his seniority with retrospective effect. The peitioner has been discriminated by the respondents by not giving the seniority to the petitioner with retrospective effect.
The judgment cited by the respondents, in my view, is not applicable to the present facts and circumstances of the case. This Court by judgment dated 15.3.1991 had directed the respondents to give the appointments from the remaining candidates from the merit list. That judgment has become final, therefore, the judgment cited by the Standing Counsel is not applicable.
There is another aspect of the matter. If the petitioner had been appointed along with other candidates in the year 1989, he would have been placed according to the seniority as per the merit list of 1987-88. Since he was discriminated, he had to pursue his legal remedy by filing a writ petition which was eventually allowed. This Court had passed the judgment dated 15.3.1991, but it took another three years for the respondents to issue a letter dated 27.6.1994 when contempt proceedings were staring at their faces. The delay in appointing the petitioner was caused by the respondents and, therefore, the petitioner cannot be made to suffer.
In view of the aforesaid, the impugned order dated 12.6.2001 cannot be sustained and is quashed. The writ petition is allowed. The petitioner is entitled to be placed in the gradation list of 1987-88. Consequently, a mandamus is issued to respondent no.2 to forthwith accord placement to the petitioner as per his merit in the Gradation List of 1987-88 along with his batchmates and thereafter accord all consequential benefits that may arise.
Double Click on any word for its dictionary meaning or to get reference material on it.