Supreme Court Cases
1989 SCR Supl. (1) 123 1989 SCC Supl. (2) 490 JT 1989 Supl. 251 1989 SCALE (2)657
Supreme Court Cases
1989 SCR Supl. (1) 123 1989 SCC Supl. (2) 490 JT 1989 Supl. 251 1989 SCALE (2)657
MUKHARJI, SABYASACHI (J) MUKHARJI, SABYASACHI (J) RAY, B.C. (J)
CITATION: 1989 SCR Supl. (1) 123 1989 SCC Supl. (2) 490 JT 1989 Supl. 251 1989 SCALE (2)657
Central Excises and Salt Act, 1944: Section 2(f), First Schedule Tariff Item No. 17(3), 17(4) and Notification No.
66/82 dated 28th February'82, Notification No. 151/83 dated 13th May'83--Applicability of.
Bulb sleeves and tube light sleeves for the purpose of packing electric bulbs and electric tube lights--Whether 'printed boxes and cartons'--Levy of excise duty.
The respondent was manufacturing printed bulb cartons and printed tube cartons for the purpose of packing electric bulbs and electric tube light. The Additional Collector of Central Excise held that the cartons manufactured by the respondent were classifiable under item No. 17 of the Cen- tral Excise Tariff Act and thus chargeable to excise duty.
Accordingly an order was passed for demand of excise duty.
The respondent filed an appeal before the Customs, Excise & Gold (Control) Appellate Tribunal. The Tribunal allowed the appeal by holding that (i) The product drums or sleeves manufactured by the respondent could not be called 'box' or 'carton'; (ii) They were exempted from excise duty under the relevant notification.
Hence this appeal by the Revenue.
Dismissing the appeal, this Court,
HELD: 1. To consider the question whether the exemption notification was applicable or not in view of its terms, it is necessary to find out whether these sleeves bulbs or sleeves or tube light sleeves manufactured for the purpose of packing the electric bulbs and tubes are printed box and cartons. [127E]
2. The Tribunal approached the question from the literal meaning as well as the functional use of the expressions employed. As these 124 sleeves and tube sleeves manufactured by the respondent had no independent market as such, and as these were utilised for captive consumption for the end product manufactured by the respondent, in the absence of any positive and reliable evidence that there was either a market for these goods manufactured by the respondent, and in that market these bulb sleeves and tube sleeves are known and marketable as corrugated boxes and cartons, a fact of which in the record, there is no positive evidence either way, the Tribunal proceeded on a correct basis. Therefore, the conclusion reached by the Tribunal cannot be assailed in this appeal.
CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION: Civil Appeal No. 3097 of 1989.
From the Judgment and Order dated 15.3.1989 of the Central Excise and Gold (Control) Appellate Tribunal, New Delhi in Order No. 100/89-C in Appeal No. E/55/87-C.
K. Swami and P. Parmeswaran for the Appellant.
The Judgment of the Court was delivered by SABYASACHI MUKHARJI, J. This is an appeal under section 35L(b) of the Central Excises & Salt Act, 1944 (hereinafter referred to as 'the Act') against the order dated 15th March, 1989 of the Customs, Excise & Gold (Control) Appel- late Tribunal, New Delhi (hereinafter referred to as 'the Tribunal').
The question for consideration in this appeal is, wheth- er the bulb sleeves and tube light sleeves manufactured by the respondent for the purpose of packing the electric bulbs and electric tube lights are 'printed boxes and cartons' and are subject to excise duty or whether the respondent is entitled to exemption under notification No. 66/82 dated 28th February, 1982, as amended by notification No. 15 1/83 dated 13th May, 1983. The said amended notification reads as follows:
"GSR No.--In exercise of the powers conferred by subrule (1) of rule 8 of the Central Excise Rules, 1944, the Central Government hereby exempts articles of paper or paper board falling under sub-item (3) of Item No. 17 of the First Schedule to the Central Excises and Salt Act, 1944 (1 of 1944), from the whole of the duty of excise leviable thereon:
125 Provided that no such exemption shall apply to printed boxes and printed cartons (including flattened or folded printed boxes and flattened or folded printed cartons) whether in assembled or unassembled condition." The respondent was manufacturing printed bulb carton and printed tube carton falling under erstwhile Tariff Item No.
17(3) of the Central Excise Tariff. The revenue, it is alleged, ascertained that the sleeve rolls had a width of
17.5 cms. consisting of corrugated kraft paper on one side and plain paper on the other side having printed thereon the name monograms and so on pertaining to the lamps from the corrugated paper manufacturers. The rolls are mounted on a packing machine and are cut to adequate length to circum- scribe the lamps and the joint is automatically covered by gum tapes. The sleeves are conveyed automatically to a conveyer on which the lamps are inserted manually. Further the ends of the above sleeve are folded to prevent lamps from falling out. The entire machine is operated by means of electric motor. It is stated that it was further ascertained that for the florescent tubes the sleeves already cut to the proper length are supplied to the factory by outside manu- facturers. The tube lamp is manually put in and the sleeve edges folded over manually and gum tape is also applied manually. The tube lamp is inserted in the tube and then put in the outside card box packing. It is the case of the revenue that the respondent manufactured printed cartons for bulbs by way of printing on papers (printed and writing) and pasting the printed paper on the corrugated board and thus converting the said corrugated board to printing cartons.
According to the revenue, this process of manufacture ren- ders the carton having printing and paper pasting on the surface to make these manufacture in terms of section 2(f) of the Act and classifiable under Tariff Item 17(3) as aforesaid. According to the revenue, the exemption contained in the notification No. 66/82 was not applicable as the notification exempted articles of paper and paper board falling under Tariff Item No. 17(3) except printing boxes and cartons from the duty. According to the revenue, the respondent manufactured and cleared bulb cartons (printed) and tube cartons during the period June, 1985 to 30th April, 1986 of the value of Rs.10,24,461.25 involving central excise duty to the tune of Rs.1,59,817.67 without applying for and obtaining a central excise licence for erstwhile Tariff Item No. 17 and without maintaining any statutory record thus wilfully suppressing and mis-stating the facts with the intention to evade central excise duty and thereby contravening provisions of the Act and the rules.
126 A Show Cause notice was issued followed by a corrigendum and demand was made of Rs. 1,59,817.57 under rule 9(2) of the Central Excise Rules, 1944 (hereinafter referred to as 'the said rules') as to why penalty should not be imposed on them under rule 173Q of the said rules for the various alleged contraventions under the provisions of the Act and the rules. Written submissions were made. By an Order dated 24th November, 1986, Additional Collector of Central Ex- cise, Chandigarh held that cartons bulb and light were manufactured by the respondents and were classifiable under item 17(3) of the erstwhile Central Excise Tariff Act and thus chargeable to excise duty. But the duty was liable to be reduced in view of the exemption notification No. 217/86 dated 2nd April, 1986 for the period 2.4.86 to 30.4.86. The Additional Collector therefore passed an order dated 24th November, 1986 for demand of duty of Rs. 1,44,158.12 from the respondent under rule '9(2) of the said rules and im- posed a penalty of Rs.25,000 under rule 173Q. There was an appeal to the Tribunal. The Tribunal referred to Tariff Item 17 pertaining to paper and paperboard. Sub-item (4) of the said item reads as follows:
"4. Boxes, cartons, bags and other packing containers (including flattened or folded boxes) and flattened or folded cartons, wheth- er or not printed and whether in assembled or unassembled condition." Tariff Item 17(4) makes a distinction between boxes, cartons, bags and other packing container. There can be no doubt, according to the Tribunal, that boxes, cartons and bags would also be packing containers. Out of the various types of packing containers of paper and paper board, ac- cording to the Tribunal, only printed boxes and printed cartons are dutiable if we read notification 66/82 as al- ready set out hereinbefore. The Tribunal was of the view that the boxes and cartons have a definite understanding.
Reference was made to Shorter Oxford English Dictionary Vol.
I where 'box' has been defined as "a case of a receptacle usually having a lid". In that view of the matter, according to the Tribunal, the product drums or sleeves manufactured by the respondent could not be called 'box' or 'carton'.
Therefore, the Tribunal held that these will be exempt from excise duty under the aforesaid notification even assuming that the product is a container. In that view of the matter, the Tribunal did not go into the question of limitation which had been raised before it. The Tribunal, however, mentioned in the order that before the adjudicating authori- ty, no mention had been made by the respondent regarding the fact that they were undertaking manufacture of drums and sleeves out of paper and 127 paper board sheets purchased by them from the market inas- much as,they had not filed any classification list to that effect which they were under an obligation to do under the law. It was contended on behalf of the respondent that the manufacturing of the drums and sleeves was undertaken in manufacturing bale and, therefore, the revenue knew its manufacturing. But this factor, the Tribunal held, is of no consequence because in the system of Self Removal Procedure, the respondent is not absolved of the responsibility of bringing the product manufactured by them to the notice of the authorities even if they are using that product for their captive consumption. The respondent had their respon- sibility. In the light of the Tribunal's findings on the question of classification, the appeal of the respondent was allowed with consequential relief. Revenue challenges the same in this appeal.
We have perused the order of the Tribunal. It is evident that one of the meanings, according to the Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, Vol. I, which the Tribunal had referred, is that box is 'a case of a receptacle usually having a lid' and in view of the purpose for which this is used in the transaction, the Tribunal found that drums or sleeves manu- factured by the respondent could not be called a 'box' or a 'carton' because the box must have a lid. The Tribunal noted that sleeves by themselves could not contain anything be- cause these are open ended from both sides.
In order to consider the question whether the exemption notification was applicable or not in view of the terms of the notification, it is necessary to find out whether these sleeves bulbs or sleeves or tube light sleeves manufactured for the purpose of packing the electric bulbs and tubes are printed box and cartons. In our opinion, the Tribunal ap- proached the question from the literal meaning as well as the functional use of the expressions employed. As these sleeves and tube sleeves manufactured by the respondent had no independent market as such, and as these were utilised for captive consumption for the end product manufactured by the respondent, in our opinion, in the absence of any posi- tive and reliable evidence that there was either a market for these goods manufactured by the respondent and in that market these bulb sleeves and tube.sleeves are known and marketable as corrugated boxes and cartons, a fact of which in the record, there is no positive evidence either way, in our opinion, the Tribunal proceeded on a correct basis. We have considered the submissions advanced on behalf of the revenue. But we have not been able to persuade ourselves to accept the contention that Tribunal committed any error either on the principle of law to be applicable or the appreci- 128 ation of the facts in this case.
In the aforesaid view of the matter, the conclusion reached by the Tribunal cannot be assailed in this appeal.
The appeal, therefore, fails and is, accordingly, dismissed.
There will, however, be no order as to costs.
T.N.A. Appeal dis- missed.